Characters of the Metal Gear series

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Promotional screenshot of Social Ops featuring the major characters of the series

The Metal Gear franchise features a large number of characters created by Hideo Kojima and designed by Yoji Shinkawa. Its setting features several soldiers with supernatural powers provided by scientific advancements.

The series initially follows mercenary Solid Snake given government missions of finding the Metal Gear weapon, resulting in encounters in the original Metal Gear games with Gray Fox and Big Boss in Outer Heaven and Zanzibar Land. In the original Metal Gear Solid games, Solid Snake works with Otacon and Raiden while opposing Liquid Snake's FOXHOUND, Solidus Snake, the Patriots and Revolver Ocelot. Additionally, the Metal Gear Solid prequels follow Big Boss's past as Naked Snake and development of a living legend via Venom Snake, as well as the origins of the various aforementioned organizations.

While the original Metal Gear games had their character designs modeled after Hollywood actors, the Metal Gear Solid games established a series of consistent designs based on Shinkawa's ideas of what would appeal to gamers. Additionally, several of the characters he designed follow ideas from Kojima and other staff. Critical reception of the game's cast has been positive, as publications have praised their personalities and roles within the series.

Creation and designs[edit]

Much as Metal Gear began as a pastiche of action movies of the time, characters were pastiches of contemporary action movie heroes.[1][2] Once Shinkawa started designing the characters in PlayStation's Metal Gear Solid, they were given their respective established visual appearances. As a result of hardware limitations, Shinkawa designed them to appeal to gamers.[3] Because of the time skip between titles, a few of the characters were redesigned to fit in the game's setting. With the improvements offered by video game consoles like the PlayStation and PlayStation 2, the staff gave the characters a more realistic look starting with Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, although they initially had doubts about it.[4] This brought difficulties to the staff, as they had to make the faces more realistic.[3] When illustrating characters, Shinkawa does not focus on minor details[3] (such as eyes, which he sometimes tries not to draw), instead illustrating something more symbolic.[5] While Solid Snake remained easy to illustrate as a result of him having a consistent design, and Big Boss' younger self, Naked Snake, was conceived via minor changes to the original version of Solid Snake, other characters' designs were more time-consuming.[6]

During their debuts, player characters Solid Snake and Raiden are meant to represent the player, while in following games, they acquire more defined personalities.[7][8] As a result of Snake's increasing experience in combat across the series, Kojima attempted creating more challenging antagonists for the boss battles. This resulted in Big Boss' clones from Metal Gear Solid and Metal Gear Solid 2 that had the same abilities as Solid Snake, the legendary Cobra Unit from Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater who participated in World War II, and the Beauty and the Beast Corps from Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots that had few human traits.[9] While villains during the first games were given detailed backstories, the Cobra Unit members were intended to have little information known about them, resulting in a significant impact among players upon their deaths following their boss battles. This also gave Shinkawa difficulties in conceptualizing their visual appearances as a result of having little to no background details.[6] By Metal Gear Solid 2, Kojima was inspired by the Sherlock Holmes novels to introduce a sidekick character in order to view Snake from a different perspective.[10]

Metal Gear Solid also marks the first time that characters were given voice actors, with Solid Snake and Naked Snake being voiced by Akio Ōtsuka. Ōtsuka remembers being surprised during his debut as a result of the large amount of dialogue Snake was given.[11] In the English adaptations, the casting was directed by Kris Zimmerman and supervised by a member from Konami.[12] Solid Snake's English voice actor was David Hayter, who, despite having issues with some of the dialogue in Metal Gear Solid, became attached to the series.[13]

Various Metal Gear Solid games have been expanded upon in remakes and other media, such as Metal Gear Solid: The Twin Snakes, Metal Gear Solid: Digital Graphic Novel, Metal Gear Solid 2: Digital Graphic Novel, and Metal Gear Online.

Introduced in Metal Gear[edit]

Solid Snake[edit]

Solid Snake (ソリッド・スネーク, Soriddo Sunēku), real name David (デイビッド, Deibiddo), is the primary character of the original series. In the original Metal Gear games, he is a rookie FOXHOUND agent given the mission to find and destroy the Metal Gear located within Outer Heaven and Zanzibar Land,[14] leading to confrontations with his comrade Gray Fox both times, as well as Big Boss (the phantom in Outer Heaven and his superior in Zanzibar Land).[15]

In the original Metal Gear Solid games, Snake gains a friendship with Otacon while fighting a corrupt FOXHOUND unit led by his terrorist twin brother Liquid Snake in Metal Gear Solid,[16] and uses the false name Iroquois Pliskin (イロコィ・プリスキン, Irokoi Purisukin) while assisting Raiden against Solidus Snake and the Patriots in Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty.[17] In Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots, he gives himself the nickname Old Snake (オールド・スネーク, Ōrudo Sunēku) due to his accelerated aging process, and is the playable character once more.[18] Solid Snake is voiced by Akio Ōtsuka in the Japanese version and by David Hayter in the English translation.[11][13]

Big Boss[edit]

Big Boss (ビッグ・ボス, Biggu Bosu) is supposedly the greatest soldier who ever lived. The Metal Gear Solid games gradually reveal the character to be two individuals: Naked Snake after defeating his legendary war hero mentor,[19] and Venom Snake as a body double.[20]

Gray Fox[edit]

Gray Fox (グレイ・フォックス, Gurei Fokkusu, spelled "Grey Fox" in the MSX2 versions) first appears in the MSX2 games as a high-ranking agent of FOXHOUND, with the "Fox" codename being the highest distinction within the unit. His face portrait in the MSX2 version was modeled after actor Tom Berenger. Prior to the game's events, he goes missing during a mission to Outer Heaven, with his last transmission being a cryptic message simply saying "Metal Gear".[21] Fox is later rescued by Solid Snake, and reveals the TX-55 Metal Gear's true nature to the player.

Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake revealed that Gray Fox left FOXHOUND and defected to Zanzibar Land. Fox pilots the advanced Metal Gear D and confronts Solid Snake a few times, while secretly assisting Snake as an anonymous informant. The character's past is fleshed out in this game: his civilian identity Frank Jaeger (フランク・イェーガー, Furanku Yēgā, "Frank Yeager" in the MSX2 version) had a relationship with former Czech figure skater Gustava Heffner (Natasha Marcova in the MSX2 version) after they met in Calgary and fell in love. Gustava tried to seek asylum with him in the US, but failed and was stripped of competition rights as a result.[22] Following this incident, Jaeger developed a great deal of resentment toward his superiors, but was unaware that Gustava later joined the StB and is present in Zanzibar as Dr. Kio Marv's bodyguard. During his and Snake's first direct encounter as enemies, Fox's piloting of the Metal Gear accidentally causes Gustava's death. After Snake destroys Metal Gear, Fox challenges Snake to a fistfight in the middle of a minefield and is apparently killed.

Gray Fox returns as the original Cyborg Ninja (サイボーグ忍者, Saibōgu Ninja) in Metal Gear Solid after having been grafted into a powered armor exoskeleton and armed with a high-frequency blade. According to Hideo Kojima, the Cyborg Ninja "was born from this Shin-chan's graffiti."[23] During Liquid Snake's FOXHOUND revolt at Shadow Moses, Fox once again challenges Solid Snake to a fight, maiming Revolver Ocelot and scaring Otacon in the process. After the fight, he becomes erratic and disappears in a violent rage. Throughout the game, he provides Snake cryptic advice via codec as a faceless contact calling himself "Deepthroat". Naomi Hunter eventually divulges being Jaeger's foster sister, as well as his Cyborg Ninja identity to Snake. Fox later tells Snake that he killed Naomi's parents and, out of remorse, became her foster brother. Fox fights Metal Gear REX (piloted by Liquid Snake) and manages to destroy its radome with the use of a prototype railgun attached to his arm. However, Fox is mortally wounded and begs Snake to kill him and destroy REX with a Stinger, but Snake refuses to shoot. Saying goodbye to his comrade, Fox is killed by REX.

Raiden initially thought that the Cyborg Ninja in Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty seen during Solidus Snake's Manhattan incident was Gray Fox before learning that the person in question is actually Olga Gurlukovich.

The second prequel Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops, set twenty-five years before Metal Gear, features a teenage version of the character under the codename Null (ヌル, Nuru), a masked machete-wielding assassin. He is subjected to a secret CIA project to be the "Perfect Soldier" and recruited into Gene's corrupt FOX unit during the San Hieronymo takeover. During the game, Null fights with Naked Snake twice. Snake eventually realizes that Null was a boy in Mozambique that used his innocence as a cover to kill dozens of government soldiers with only a knife while speaking a small amount of German, leading to the name "Frank Jaeger" (German for "Frank Hunter"). Snake defeats Jaeger and sends him somewhere outside of FOX for help.

Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots reveals that Frank Jaeger's murder of Para-Medic was part of Big Mama's plan to free Big Boss from Zero's control.

There is a Cyborg Ninja unique character card in Metal Gear Acid.[24] Outside of the Metal Gear games, the Cyborg Ninja is featured as a player character driver in Konami Krazy Racers and as an Assist Trophy in both Super Smash Bros. Brawl and Super Smash Bros. Ultimate.

In 2013, Kojima stated to be interested in developing a game with Gray Fox as the main playable character, although Kojima did not assure it to happen.[25]

Gray Fox's Cyborg Ninja exoskeleton appears as a downloadable content skin for Raiden in Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance,[26][27] and Venom Snake in Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain.[28]

Dr. Madnar[edit]

Dr. Drago Pettrovich Madnar (ドラゴ・ペトロヴィッチ・マッドナー, Dorago Petorovitchi Maddonā, known simply as Dr. Petrovich in the original Metal Gear and Dr. Pettrovich Madnar in the MSX2 version of Metal Gear 2) is an Eastern engineer responsible for creating the TX-55 Metal Gear mecha in the original Metal Gear, as well as the TX-11 Arnold (Bloody Brad) androids.[29] Dr. Madnar is one of the hostages Snake must rescue along with his daughter Ellen (エレン, Eren). In Metal Gear 2, Dr. Madnar bitterly defects to Zanzibar Land and develops Metal Gear D after being rejected by the scientific community. He comes in contact with Snake in the game while posing as a hostage, but attacks him after the truth is revealed.[30] His name is mentioned in Metal Gear Solid 4 as the scientist who saved Raiden's life after he was turned into a cyborg.[31]

A character with the same name also plays a supporting role in Hideo Kojima's adventure game Snatcher, although the English-language version for the Sega CD spells his name as Dr. Petrovich Modnar.

Kyle Schneider[edit]

Kyle Schneider (カイル・シュナイダー, Kairu Shunaidā) (known simply as Schneider in the original Metal Gear) is the leader of a resistance movement against Outer Heaven in Metal Gear, who helps Solid Snake as a radio contact alongside fellow resistance members Diane (ダイアン, Daian) and Jennifer (ジェニファー, Jenifā).[32] He discovers the identity of Outer Heaven's leader, but is silenced before he can mention his name.[33] In Metal Gear 2, Schneider appears under the guise of Black Ninja (ブラック・ニンジャ, Burakku Ninja) (Black Color (ブラック・カラー, Burakku Karā) in the original MSX2 version), a high-tech ninja under the service of Zanzibar Land and the first boss in the game.[34] Solid Snake defeats him during a battle, but does not learn his true identity until he collapses.[35] He then reveals to Snake that NATO led a bombing raid against Outer Heaven, not caring about the war orphans or war refugees within.[36] Before dying, he also tells Snake that Big Boss had forgiven the resistance for being against him and rescued as many people as he could from the bombings, Outer Heaven personnel and Resistance members alike.[37]

Introduced in Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake[edit]

Roy Campbell[edit]

Colonel Roy Campbell (ロイ・キャンベル大佐, Roi Kyanberu-taisa, Roy Kyanbel in the MSX2 version of Metal Gear 2) is the second commanding officer of FOXHOUND.[21]

Introduced in Metal Gear 2, he serves as Solid Snake's primary radio contact in the game and gives information about the mission objective and general gameplay tips for Zanzibar Land.[38] In Metal Gear Solid, Campbell has more of a personal stake in the mission on Shadow Moses, as his niece Meryl Silverburgh is being held captive by Liquid Snake's revolutionary FOXHOUND team.[39] In one of the game's endings, he reveals Meryl is his daughter, the result of an affair between himself and his late brother's wife.

In Metal Gear Solid 2, he is impersonated by an elaborate AI constructed by supercomputer GW within Arsenal Gear for the Patriots, who poses as Raiden's commanding officer and only communicates via codec.[40]

Although he is not involved in the main story, Campbell makes a voice-only cameo in Metal Gear Solid 3 during the game over screen, scolding the player for causing a time paradox if certain characters are killed. He also appears in the Ape Escape crossover minigame "Snake vs. Monkey".

In Portable Ops, a young version of the character, then a Green Beret, is imprisoned by the FOX unit in South America with Naked Snake. The two escape to recruit Gene's disenfranchised enemy soldiers and other allies into an early version of Militaires Sans Frontières.[41]

In Metal Gear Solid 4, Campbell works for a UN Security Council advisory body that monitors PMC activities.[42] He sends Old Snake on an unofficial mission to assassinate Liquid Ocelot in order to put a stop to the latter's activities, providing resources and transportation to complete the mission.[43] He is married to Rosemary, which causes a rift between him and Meryl, now aware that Campbell is her father. However, the marriage is a sham used to fool the Patriots and protect Rose's and Raiden's son John.[44] Following the Patriots' destruction, he reconciles with Meryl to walk down the aisle at his daughter's wedding.

Outside the main canon, the character reprises his role as the reluctant commanding officer in the Game Boy Color game Metal Gear: Ghost Babel, a side-story which serves as an alternate sequel to the events of the original Metal Gear. He, Otacon and Mei Ling serve as Solid Snake's codec contacts in Super Smash Bros. Brawl. He also makes a brief codec appearance in a minigame in Ape Escape 3.

Roy Campbell, for most Metal Gear Solid games, has been voiced by Takeshi Aono in the Japanese version and by Paul Eiding in the English translation. His young version in Portable Ops is voiced by Toshio Furukawa in Japanese and by David Agranov in English. However, Aono's death has resulted in the character's retirement in future Metal Gear Solid games out of respect.[45]

Master Miller[edit]

Master Miller (マスター・ミラー, Masutā Mirā) is a FOXHOUND drill instructor and survival coach serving as Solid Snake's mentor. He is killed by an unknown assailant and impersonated by Liquid Snake in Metal Gear Solid.[46]

Properly introduced in the prequel Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, Benedict Kazuhira Miller (ベネディクト・カズヒラ・ミラー, Benedikuto Kazuhira Mirā), also known as McDonnell Benedict Miller (マクドネル・ベネディクト・ミラー, Makudoneru Benedikuto Mirā), known simply as "McDonnell Miller" in Metal Gear 2[47] and formerly commonly known by his nickname Kaz, is an ambitious mercenary, serving as second-in-command in the Militaires Sans Frontières mercenary group.[48] His backstory reveals his upbringing as the son of a US officer and a Japanese woman and also notes his brief service in the JSDF.[49] Unlike Big Boss, Kaz is initially characterized as idealistic, believing in MSF's idea of a nation for soldiers free of political ideology. However, he's naïve in underestimating Cipher and assumes he can maintain a business relationship with Zero's organization.

This comes into full effect with Miller in Metal Gear Solid V. Following MSF's destruction at the hands of Cipher, Miller becomes embittered, seeing the concept of a nation for soldiers appropriated by other groups and reduced to being mercenary bands before he's rescued from Soviet forces by Venom Snake, enabling him to help with the new Diamond Dogs mercenary group's expansion. By that time, he wears a large trench coat and beret while walking with a limp, having lost his left leg and right arm. Miller is deeply distrusting of anyone affiliated with Cipher, accusing the likes of Huey and Quiet of betrayal and calling for the defectors' deaths. Miller takes little satisfaction with vengeance on Skull Face, but nevertheless believes in Diamond Dogs' cause. However, his faith is shaken with the revelation that Venom Snake is actually a body double, ultimately prompting him to reject Big Boss and act as Solid Snake's mentor in Metal Gear 2, after which he is murdered for Liquid Snake's identity theft in Metal Gear Solid.[46]

In the prequels, Miller is voiced by Tomokazu Sugita in Japanese and by Robin Atkin Downes in English.[50]

Kio Marv[edit]

Dr. Kio Marv (キオ・マルフ, Kio Marufu) is a Czechoslovak biotechnologist. In the backstory of Solid Snake, Marv had successfully createed a new algae species called OILIX that could produce petroleum-grade hydrocarbons with little expense and effort. Marv presented the algae to the World Energy Conference in Prague, and was on his way to a demonstration in the United States when he was kidnapped by soldiers from Zanzibar Land. Solid Snake is brought out of retirement by FOXHOUND's new commander, Roy Campbell, and is sent to Zanzibar Land to rescue Dr. Marv. However, he dies of torture in his cell and leaves behind the OILIX documents for Snake to find.[22]

Holly White[edit]

Holly White (ホーリー・ホワイト, Hōrī Howaito, Horry White in the original MSX2 version) is an American freelance journalist. Born from a French mother and an English father, she became interested in literature at an early age and was later awarded the Pulitzer Prize for her coverage in Afghanistan plus an Emmy Award (mistakenly referred to in the original manual as a Grammy Award) for her documentary, Unknown Bloodstream. Her newfound fame eventually gets her the attention of the CIA. She infiltrates Zanzibar Land as a journalist and assists Solid Snake over the course of the mission.[22]

Gustava Heffner[edit]

Gustava Heffner (グスタヴァ・ヘフナー, Gusutava Hefunā), originally named Natasha Marcova (ナターシャ・マルコバァ, Natāsha Marukobaa) in the MSX2 version of Metal Gear 2, is a former professional figure skater. Once known as one of the world's best figure skaters (with stints in the world championships and the Olympics under her belt), Heffner was stripped of her competition rights after being caught in an attempt to seek political asylum in Canada with Frank Jaeger, and sought to redeem herself by joining the StB. She is escorting Dr. Marv to America when Zanzibar Land agents hijack their plane.[22] Later in the game, she joins Snake in rescuing Dr. Marv, but dies when Jaeger (as Gray Fox in Metal Gear D) destroys the bridge she is on.

George Kasler[edit]

George Kasler (ジョージ・ケスラー, Jōji Kesurā, George Kesler in the MSX2 version) is FOXHOUND's resident strategist and advisor whose military career includes service with mercenaries from South Africa and the French Foreign Legion, plus a short stint in negotiation and combat intelligence-gathering. He is also a veteran of the 1997 Mercenary War of Independence in Zanzibar Land, fighting the CIS Army. Kasler's service earns him a lasting reputation in the mercenary community; only mercenaries who have worked with him can be truly recognized as the best in the world.[22]

Johan Jacobsen[edit]

Johan Jacobsen (ヨハン・ヤコブセン, Yohan Yakobusen), named Yozev Norden (ヨゼフ・ノルデン, Yozefu Noruden) in the MSX2 version, is a zoologist specializing in the preservation of all endangered species. He is the vice-president of the fictional Worldwide Animal Rights Federation and works for the science magazine Maxwell. He is revealed to have been acquainted with Dr. Madnar since their college days and is in Zanzibar Land to study indigenous animals.[22]

Introduced in Metal Gear Solid[edit]

Liquid Snake[edit]

Liquid Snake (リキッド・スネーク, Rikiddo Sunēku), real name Eli (イーライ, Īrai), is Solid Snake's twin brother, Big Boss's second clone, and the main antagonist of Metal Gear Solid.[51] One of Liquid's motivations in Metal Gear Solid is his jealousy and hatred towards Snake and his desire to surpass his "genetic destiny" from Big Boss.[52] The character's younger iteration is one of the main antagonists of Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain under the nickname the White Mamba (ホワイトマンバ, Howaito Manba). Liquid Snake is voiced by Banjō Ginga in the Japanese version and by Cam Clarke in the English translation. The White Mamba is voiced by Yutaro Honjo in Japanese and by Piers Stubbs in English.

Revolver Ocelot[edit]

Revolver Ocelot (リボルバー・オセロット, Riborubā Oserotto) is a recurring gunslinger antagonist during the Metal Gear Solid games. He is a major nemesis of Solid Snake during the original Metal Gear Solid games as Shalashaska (シャラシャーシカ, Sharashāshika) where he acts as Liquid Snake's right-hand man within FOXHOUND during Metal Gear Solid, Solidus Snake's right-hand man and the Patriots' agent during Metal Gear Solid 2, both Naked Snake's friendly rival and the Philosophers' triple agent during Metal Gear Solid 3 as Major Ocelot (オセロット少佐, Oserotto-shōsa), the central antagonist of Metal Gear Solid 4 as Liquid Ocelot (リキッド・オセロット, Rikiddo Oserotto), and an ally of Venom Snake during Metal Gear Solid V.

Playing a major role in the overall story, Ocelot's intentions during the games he appears in are shrouded in mystery, and are all to accomplish his own undisclosed intentions. In Japanese, Revolver Ocelot was voiced by Kōji Totani (original depiction), Takumi Yamazaki (younger version), Satoshi Mikami (middle-aged version), and Banjō Ginga (Liquid Ocelot). In English, Revolver Ocelot is voiced by Patric Zimmerman (original depiction and Liquid Ocelot), Joshua Keaton (younger version), and Troy Baker (middle-aged version).

Sons of Big Boss[edit]

The Sons of Big Boss are a splinter group of FOXHOUND seen in Metal Gear Solid led by Liquid Snake as the game's bosses.

Psycho Mantis[edit]

Psycho Mantis (サイコ・マンティス, Saiko Mantisu) is a psychic expert for Liquid Snake's FOXHOUND unit in Metal Gear Solid. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, he came to America looking for a job. Prior to joining FOXHOUND, he worked with the KGB and the FBI. His special abilities include the psychic powers of psychokinesis and telepathy, which in a fourth wall-breaking scene allows him to identify certain games on the player's memory card and "move" the controller by making it vibrate. As a result of being disgusted with his father's inner thoughts, he burned his own village and started despising people.[53] He also claims to be able to read the future, but this is implied to be a use of telepathy to find out what his opponents will do next as opposed to true clairvoyance. Mantis encounters Solid Snake twice; the first time, he takes control of Meryl Silverburgh's mind, and the second time, he and Snake do battle, with Mantis being killed (due to him being unable to predict Snake's actions when the player uses the second controller port). His predictions also seem to be susceptible to change, stating that Snake has a large place in Meryl's heart, but cannot see if their fхщГСutures lie together.[54]

In Metal Gear Solid 4, the original Mantis makes an appearance after Screaming Mantis's defeat, attempting to "read your mind" as before, but cannot due to the advanced systems. He then tries to manipulate the controller, which (depending on whether controller vibration is available) either fails and infuriates him or succeeds and makes him scream in delight before he vanishes into the air. Drebin later reveals that the Beauty and the Beast Corps had been under the control of Mantis all along.[55]

The character's first chronological appearance is in Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain, where he is known as Tretij Rebenok (トリーチェゴ・レビョンカ, Torīchego Rebyonka, Третий ребёнок "The Third Child"). The character's origin story explains that he was identified by Soviet researchers and taken to a facility in Moscow, where he was influenced by the Man on Fire's innate desire for revenge. The two escaped, with the boy and the Man on Fire pursuing Venom Snake throughout the story, working alongside the game's antagonist Skull Face. The boy is able to detect the subtle electromagnetic currents running between the synapses of one's brain, and is particularly sensitive to feelings of anger, hatred and a desire for revenge. These feelings manifest in the physical world as a representation of those emotions. But since he is still a child, he is overwhelmed by these emotions and becomes a slave to the will of whoever is expressing them. Over the story's course, he identifies these feelings as being strongest in the White Mamba and their relationship becomes symbiotic, magnifying the boy's power even further and allowing the White Mamba to take control of Metal Gear Sahelanthropus. Once Snake disables Sahelanthropus, the boy steals a sample of a weaponized parasite designed to target English language speakers and passes it on to the White Mamba, and the two disappear.

Psycho Mantis was polled as the 8th "Greatest Video Game Villain of All Time" by IGN and his boss battle being the 2nd Greatest Moment in Gaming.[56][57] In the Japanese version, Psycho Mantis has been voiced by Kazuyuki Sogabe (in Metal Gear Solid), Hiroshi Yanaka (in Metal Gear Solid: Digital Graphic Novel) and Shōzō Iizuka (in Metal Gear Solid 4). Psycho Mantis is voiced by Doug Stone in the English translation.

Sniper Wolf[edit]

Sniper Wolf (スナイパー・ウルフ, Sunaipā Urufu) is a member of FOXHOUND and an elite sniper capable of going without food and staying still for up to a week. She typically forms an emotional connection with her targets before killing them with her favoured weapon, a Heckler & Koch PSG1, and uses mercury-tipped hollow-point bullets to poison her victims.[58] She is also addicted to the drug diazepam.[59]

Born in present-day Iraqi Kurdistan around 1983 during the Iran–Iraq War, she witnessed the death of her family and thousands of others from a chemical attack by Saddam Hussein's government troops against the rebellious Kurds when she was five years old. She was captured by Saddam's forces and taken as an orphan by the Iraqi Ministry of Interior, who brainwashed her and brought a famed Gurkha sniper to train her to be a child combatant for the government. Three years later, during the 1991 uprisings in Iraq, she fled to a Kurdish refugee camp. There, the legendary U.S. Army Special Forces veteran Big Boss noticed her extraordinary abilities and brought her with him to the United States, where she received counselling and deprogramming to remove her Iraqi brainwashing, leaving only her fighting abilities with her. Extremely grateful, she thought of Big Boss as a modern Saladin and followed him in whatever he did, until his mutiny and later death at the hands of FOXHOUND operative Solid Snake (as depicted in Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake). She was then found by Solid Snake's brother Liquid Snake, who convinced her to join a FOXHOUND splinter cell under his command.[59][60]

In the alternate year 2005, during the Shadow Moses Island incident (Metal Gear Solid), Sniper Wolf goes rogue along with the rest of Liquid Snake's group when they take hostages and blackmail the U.S. government with a hijacked walking tank armed with nuclear weapons, demanding the corpse of Big Boss to be handed over to them.[61] She cares for the huskies that Liquid intended to kill, as she enjoys their company, and is impressed with a hostage Hal Emmerich giving his scarce food supply to the dogs. When Solid Snake infiltrates the island, Sniper Wolf wounds his companion Meryl Silverburgh to lure him into a trap, capturing him so he can be tortured by Revolver Ocelot. Eventually, Snake defeats her in a sniper duel on a snowy field by shooting her in the lung. After hearing Sniper Wolf's story of her life, and at her request to be at last "set free", Snake kills her despite objections by Otacon, who professes his love for her.[59][62][63][64][65] Solid Snake also uses her handkerchief to avoid attacks by her wolves by masking his scent with hers.[59][66] Sniper Wolf's ghost can be seen if the player uses the in-game photo camera on her body.[67]

Sniper Wolf was originally planned to make a voice-over cameo appearance in Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty (2001) during a conversation between Otacon and Olga Gurlukovich, and appears in a short flashback sequence.[58] Her spirit shows up as a wolf in Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots (2008), in which an unrelated character named Crying Wolf also appears to engage in a sniper duel against Solid Snake.[68] Sniper Wolf's costume can also be developed for the character Quiet in Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain.[69]

A special Sniper Wolf character card appears in the non-canon spin-off game Metal Gear Acid 2 (2005).[70] Some other developers have also given homage-type nods to the character, such as with the "MGS Sniper Wulf Mk. II" item in EA Montreal's Army of Two (2008)[71] and an "MG-S1 Sniper Wolfe" weapon in the PlayStation 3 version of Visceral Games' The Godfather II (2009).[72]

A 1/8 scale Sniper Wolf action figure was released by McFarlane Toys in 1998.[73] Two 1/6 scale figures were also released only in Japan by Yamato (an action figure)[74] and Studio Saru Bunshitsu (a garage kit).[75][76] In 2012, Sniper Wolf was chosen by Konami as one of their 64 iconic characters to participate in the Konami E3 Battle event, where she lost against Metal Gear REX in the semi-final fourth round.[77] A "bishōjo statue" designed by Shunya Yamashita based on Shinkawa's original picture was released by Kotobukiya in 2016.[78]

Sniper Wolf is voiced by Naoko Nakamura in the Japanese version and by Tasia Valenza in the English translation.

Vulcan Raven[edit]

Vulcan Raven (バルカン・レイブン, Barukan Reibun) is an Inuit member of FOXHOUND who wields a giant Vulcan cannon and has shamanic powers of intuition seen in Metal Gear Solid. He is able to discern Solid Snake's heritage and was present in Outer Heaven prior to his involvement at Liquid Snake's FOXHOUND unit.[79][80] He does battle with Snake twice, first in an M1 Abrams tank,[81] and second in a freezer with Raven being killed. Before he dies, he leaves with a cryptic message of Snake's violent future before his body is completely devoured by ravens.[82] Vulcan Raven is voiced by Yukitoshi Hori in the Japanese version and by Peter Lurie in the English translation.

Decoy Octopus[edit]

Decoy Octopus (デコイ・オクトパス, Dekoi Okutopasu) is a member of FOXHOUND specializing in impersonation seen in Metal Gear Solid. He even injects the blood of those he impersonates into his own body for a more "perfect" disguise. Along with the rest of his unit, he went rogue during Liquid Snake's Shadow Moses island incident. While impersonating Donald Anderson,[83] he lies to Solid Snake about having the DARPA chief's detonation code found out by Psycho Mantis and also informs Snake of the PAL override system before being killed by the FoxDie virus.[84] Decoy Octopus is voiced by Masaharu Sato (while impersonating Donald Anderson) in the Japanese version. In the English translation, Decoy Octopus is voiced by Greg Eagles (as Donald Anderson in Metal Gear Solid) and by James C. Mathis III (as Donald Anderson in Metal Gear Solid: Digital Graphic Novel).


Hal Emmerich (ハル・エメリッヒ, Haru Emerihhi), nicknamed Otacon (オタコン, Otakon), is a recurring character in the Metal Gear Solid series and Solid Snake's close friend. He is introduced in Metal Gear Solid as an ArmsTech employee and Metal Gear REX engineer that learns of REX's nuclear strike capabilities and becomes Snake's close ally. Afterwards, he's seen as a founding member of the non-profit Philanthropy organization while dealing with more personal problems in Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty and Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Otacon is voiced by Hideyuki Tanaka in the Japanese version and by Christopher Randolph in the English translation.

Meryl Silverburgh[edit]

Meryl Silverburgh in the Metal Gear series is based on a supporting character of the same name in Hideo Kojima's earlier game, Policenauts (1994), where Meryl was originally designed by Tomiharu Kinoshita. Kojima liked the character so much that he used her name, likeness, voice actress (Kyoko Terase) and other characteristics to the Metal Gear version of Meryl.[85] Meryl's partner in Policenauts, Dave Forrest, also shares the same given name Solid Snake has, whose true name is also Dave (David). In the final scenes of Metal Gear Solid, Meryl wears an orange goose down vest similar to the one Forrest wears in Policenauts.[86][87] Character designer Yoji Shinkawa stated that the staff purposely avoided mentioning her directly in the first sequel to Metal Gear Solid so that it could follow either of the two endings from the first game.[88]

Meryl is first introduced as the teenage daughter of Roy Campbell's deceased brother, Matt Campbell, who died during the Gulf War. Born to a house of military traditions, Meryl trained herself throughout her childhood in the 'arts' of soldiery. She admired the FOXHOUND unit (a high-tech special forces group), viewing the days when her uncle and Solid Snake were members as the unit's heyday, and wears a paint tattoo of the unit's old logo on her left shoulder. She joined the armed forces after graduating high school and received extensive psychotherapy to prevent any attraction to the opposite sex. Her weapon of choice is a Desert Eagle pistol.

She was recruited by the Next-Generation Special Forces (Genome Soldiers), a U.S. military unit, and assigned to Shadow Moses island in 2005 as an emergency replacement when several soldiers were reported missing. Following her arrival on the island, the unit involved with the exercise revolted along with members of FOXHOUND and took over the nuclear disposal site on the island and the Metal Gear REX weapon being developed there. Meryl refused to join in with the mutiny and was taken prisoner and placed on the same holding cell level with ArmsTech President Kenneth Baker, who gave her the card needed to activate REX. She manages to escape confinement and meets up with Solid Snake, and the two eventually begin working together. Meryl manages to stay hidden by disguising herself as one of the Genome Soldiers using the clothes she stole from Johnny Sasaki, the guard that was watching her cell. When Psycho Mantis takes control of Meryl's mind, Snake knocks her out before fighting Mantis. Later Meryl was shot and subsequently captured by FOXHOUND member Sniper Wolf. In an attempt to rescue Meryl and complete his mission, Snake engaged in a sniping duel with Wolf and was eventually lured into an ambush by her where he was also captured. Snake is then put through a series of torture trials by Revolver Ocelot; at this point, the player's actions dictate Meryl's fate. If the player successfully completes the torture section, Snake rescues a wounded Meryl in the final section of the game and they escape the facility together before their jeep crashes with Liquid Snake's, allowing them to have their deaths faked by Roy Campbell and Mei Ling. However, if the player submits to the torture, Snake discovers that Meryl has died during her imprisonment and he leaves her body to be buried by the collapsing structure with the remains of REX. When Snake informs Campbell of Meryl's death, Campbell reveals that Meryl was actually his biological daughter, conceived from an affair between him and his sister-in-law, and this secret was kept from Meryl by her biological parents and they never get the chance to tell her in this alternate ending (the subject of Meryl's paternity is brought up again in Metal Gear Solid 2: Substance during "Confidential Legacy", one of the non-canonical Snake Tales missions). The fictional publication In the Darkness of Shadow Moses by Nastasha Romanenko, offered as a bonus feature with Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, states that Snake and Meryl escaped together.

Meryl returns in Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots as the commander of Rat Patrol Team One (RAT PT 01), a fictional division of the United States Army Criminal Investigation Command sent to investigate Liquid Ocelot's private military company activities.[89] She is now aware that Roy Campbell is her true father, but openly resents him due to the circumstances of her conception and his marriage with Rosemary, who is her own age.[90] She reconciles with him at the end of the game. At first, Meryl dislikes her subordinate Johnny due to his clumsiness and stomach problems, but forgives him after learning he does not have nanomachines in his body and falls in love with him after he saves her life on their missions and ends up marrying him at the end of the story. She also appears in Metal Gear Online as a playable character.[91]

Naomi Hunter[edit]

Naomi Hunter (ナオミ・ハンター, Naomi Hantā), nicknamed Dr. Naomi (ドクター・ナオミ, Dokutā Naomi) by her staff as opposed to the more formal Dr. Hunter, is a geneticist by practice,[21] and specializes in nanotechnology-based gene therapy.

In Metal Gear Solid, she is the chief of FOXHOUND's medical staff and part of the support crew assembled to assist Solid Snake, providing the player with information on the FOXHOUND members Snake faces.[92] Being Gray Fox's adopted sister, she attempted to get revenge on Snake[93] for nearly killing her brother during the original Metal Gear games.[94] When instructed to inject Snake with the FOXDIE virus, she secretly modifies it so that it will kill Snake at a random moment in addition to its original programming.[43] As the game progresses, Naomi realizes that some of her original perceptions of Snake were wrong and is later remorseful for modifying the virus. Uncertain of when exactly the FOXDIE would kill, Naomi tells Snake to live life to the fullest in whatever time there was left.[95] Afterwards, Nastasha Romanenko's account reveals that Naomi was briefly arrested following the Shadow Moses incident until her escape.[96]

In Metal Gear Solid 4, Naomi works with Liquid Ocelot in order to hijack the Sons of the Patriots battlefield control system,[43] but allies with Old Snake once again. She becomes romantically involved with Otacon and forms a friendship with Sunny. When they return to Shadow Moses, Naomi reveals that she has been diagnosed with terminal cancer that has been kept in check by nanomachines and, guilt-ridden over her past mistakes, commits suicide by disabling them.[97]

Naomi Hunter is voiced by Hiromi Tsuru in the Japanese version and by Jennifer Hale in the English translation.

Mei Ling[edit]

Mei Ling (美玲メイ・リン, Mei Rin) is a Chinese-American data analyst. In Metal Gear Solid, she is in charge of saving the player's progress. She invented Solid Snake's wireless communication system, the codec radio, as well as the Soliton Radar, which detects the positions and field of vision of nearby enemy soldiers.[98] Every time Snake saves his data, Mei Ling provides him with advice through Chinese proverbs, as well as quotations from Western authors. In the Japanese version, Mei Ling only quoted Chinese proverbs: she would cite the original proverb in Chinese and then explain its meaning to Snake in Japanese. According to Kojima, this made some of the proverbs redundant after translating them to English, since Mei Ling would be saying the same thing twice.[99]

In Metal Gear Solid 2, Mei Ling is part of Philanthropy, an anti-Metal Gear organization, but assists off-screen attempting to steal equipment from the SSCEN, which Snake was cautious over her safety about.[100] She makes a voice-only cameo in the game as an easter egg during the Tanker chapter after the player has saved their progress 13 times.[101] In Metal Gear Solid 4, Mei Ling commands the museum-turned-training vessel USS Missouri and provides Old Snake and Otacon with backup, courtesy of her connections from the SSCEN.[43][102]

Mei Ling has made a few appearances outside the main series of Metal Gear games. She is a central character in the radio drama version of Metal Gear Solid (set after the events of the original game) and appears in the Game Boy Color version of Metal Gear Solid (a side story not clearly related to the main series). Mei Ling is also one of the support crew members in Super Smash Bros. Brawl.[103] Mei Ling is voiced by Houko Kuwashima in the Japanese version and by Kim Mai Guest in the English translation.

Johnny Sasaki[edit]

Johnny Sasaki (ジョニー佐々木, Jonī Sasaki) is a recurring character.

First appearing in Metal Gear Solid, he is a balaclava-wearing enemy guard whose uniform is stolen by Meryl Silverburgh and again later in the game, suffering from a cold and diarrhea whilst Solid Snake is being interrogated by Revolver Ocelot. Johnny's character is never named in the game and is listed only in the ending credits as Johnny Sasaki. His surname comes from the game's character model designer, Hideki Sasaki. According to the developers' commentary in Metal Gear Solid: Integral, Hideki was known among the staff for his slackoff behavior and the character was included in the game as a running gag.[104]

Johnny later returns for a pair of voice-over only cameos in Metal Gear Solid 2.[101] In an early version of the game's story, his full name was to be Johnny Sasaki Slater (ジョニー・佐々木・スレイター, Jonī Sasaki Sureitā) and originally had a minor role in the story in which his character (a spy for the Patriots) would die from a pacemaker malfunction after coming in contact with Raiden.[105] During the game, Raiden can hear Johnny talking using a directional mic in Big Shell.[101]

In the game of Metal Gear Solid 4, Johnny now has the nickname Akiba (アキバ) and is a member of Meryl's Rat Patrol Team 01. Also, his face is revealed for the first time in the series. He and Meryl assist Snake in Outer Haven by allowing him time to reach the server room. It is revealed that he had been in love with Meryl since he first saw her at Shadow Moses, and they get married in the epilogue. Unlike all of the other soldiers in the Army and PMCs, Johnny does not have nanomachines since he always avoided the injections due to his trypanophobia; the lack of these explains his frequent spells of colds and diarrhea. While this gives him poor combat performance in comparison to his squad mates, he is completely immune to Liquid Ocelot's ability to directly attack soldiers' nanomachines. He also appears in the first Metal Gear Online expansion as a playable character.[91]

Johnny Sasaki is voiced by Naoki Imamura in the Japanese version and by Dean Scofield in the English translation. Akiba is voiced by Jun Fukuyama in Japanese and by Beng Spies in English.

Donald Anderson[edit]

Donald Anderson (ドナルド・アンダーソン, Donarudo Andāson) is a chief advisor associated with DARPA. In his younger years, the character appears as Sigint (シギント, Shiginto), a technical advisor of FOX that provides Zero with technical support for Naked Snake in Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, and can later be recruited into the early FOXHOUND in Portable Ops.[106] In his later years, the DARPA chief abuses his position while conspiring with Kenneth Baker and Jim Houseman,[107] but is tortured for information by the rogue FOXHOUND, killed by Revolver Ocelot,[108][109] and impersonated by various individuals in the original Metal Gear Solid games.[83][110] Anderson is implied in Peace Walker and Metal Gear Solid V to have contributed to Cipher with technology which later oversees the AI proxies that would control governments and military. Donald Anderson is voiced by Keiji Fujiwara for the Japanese version and by James C. Mathis III for the English translation.

Cyborg Ninja[edit]

The Cyborg Ninja (サイボーグ忍者, Saibōgu Ninja) is an alias utilized by individuals wearing a powered armor exoskeleton while armed with a high-frequency blade throughout the Metal Gear Solid games: Gray Fox, Olga Gurlukovich and Raiden. In the Japanese version, the Cyborg Ninja was voiced by Kaneto Shiozawa (in Metal Gear Solid), Masaharu Sato (while impersonating Donald Anderson in Metal Gear Solid 2),[111] and Takumi Yamazaki (in Metal Gear Solid: Digital Graphic Novel and Metal Gear Solid 2: Digital Graphic Novel). In the English translation, the Cyborg Ninja is voiced by Greg Eagles (in Metal Gear Solid), Vanessa Marshall (in Metal Gear Solid 2), Rob Paulsen (in Metal Gear Solid: The Twin Snakes), and Larc Spies (in Metal Gear Solid: Digital Graphic Novel and Metal Gear Solid 2: Digital Graphic Novel).

Nastasha Romanenko[edit]

Nastasha Romanenko (ナスターシャ・ロマネンコ, Nasutāsha Romanenko, Насташа Романенко) is an agent of the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency and an expert on nuclear topics. She was born in the Ukrainian SSR and was just ten years old when the Chernobyl disaster took place.[112] In both Metal Gear Solid and its GameCube remake Metal Gear Solid: The Twin Snakes, she is Solid Snake's contact on matters related to nuclear weapons.[113] After the game's events, her character writes an autobiography titled In the Darkness of Shadow Moses: The Unofficial Truth, and then forms the anti-Metal Gear proliferation group Philanthropy with the profits she made.[105] This fictional publication serves as a plot summary of Metal Gear Solid (and reveals previously undisclosed plot details about the game's events) and is included as a bonus feature in Metal Gear Solid 2.[112] Nastasha Romanenko is voiced by Eiko Yamada in the Japanese version and by Renee Raudman in the English translation.

Kenneth Baker[edit]

Kenneth Baker (ケネス・ベイカー, Kenesu Beikā) is the president of the arms company ArmsTech that takes part in the Metal Gear REX project alongside DARPA chief Donald Anderson under the United States' black budget. In Metal Gear Solid, he is taken prisoner by FOXHOUND[114] and tortured by Revolver Ocelot before Solid Snake finds him. After he gives away his detonation code to Ocelot, Snake is unable to rescue him before he is killed by the FoxDie virus; he is the first person to realize what's really happening and nearly tells the truth about Snake's mission but dies before he can finish his sentence.[84] Kenneth Baker is voiced by Yuzuru Fujimoto in the Japanese version. In the English translation, Kenneth Baker is voiced by Allan Lurie (in Metal Gear Solid) and by Peter Renaday (in Metal Gear Solid: Digital Graphic Novel).

Jim Houseman[edit]

Jim Houseman (ジム・ハウスマン, Jimu Hausuman) is the United States Secretary of Defense who observes the situation on Shadow Moses Island during Metal Gear Solid aboard an AWACS command plane.[114] He makes only one appearance at the game's end via CODEC where he orders the Shadow Moses base to be bombed, partially out of spite because of the DARPA chief.[107][115] According to In the Darkness of Shadow Moses, he commits suicide following the events of the game, but Nastasha Romanenko suggests he was murdered.[116] Jim Houseman is voiced by Tomohisa Asō in the Japanese version and William Bassett in the English translation.

Introduced in Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty[edit]


Raiden (雷電), real name Jack (ジャック, Jakku), is a former child soldier during the Liberian Civil War.[117] He is the main character of Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty that substitutes Solid Snake as the player character in the game's main portion, fighting against Solidus Snake's terrorists to save the hostages from Big Shell.[118] Raiden reappears in Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots as a third version of the Cyborg Ninja as support,[119] and returns as the protagonist of Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance.[120] Raiden is voiced by Kenyu Horiuchi in the Japanese version and by Quinton Flynn in the English translation.[12]


Rosemary (ローズマリー, Rōzumarī), or simply Rose (ローズ, Rōzu) for short, is Raiden's girlfriend and later spouse.

Introduced during the Plant chapter portion of Metal Gear Solid 2, she is employed by the army as a data analyst, and saves the player's progress over Codec.[121] Rosemary also supports Raiden by providing information about the Big Shell facilities and the other characters Raiden encounters in the game. Raiden and Rose spend most of their conversations talking about their relationship, something based on Kojima's real life.[122] By the end of the game, Rosemary reveals herself to be a spy for the Patriots.[123] She is then taken off the mission and replaced by an AI duplicate of her, who openly mocks Raiden. After the final battle, Raiden is reunited with the real Rose, pregnant with his child, in front of Federal Hall National Memorial.[124]

In Metal Gear Solid 4,[102] Rosemary appears as a psychological counselor in a combat stress platoon, offering Old Snake tips on dealing with stress.[125] Though she was engaged to Raiden, their relationship ended after Rosemary supposedly had a miscarriage.[43] Rosemary later marries Roy Campbell. In reality, Rosemary successfully gave birth to Raiden's child John; her marriage is a ploy to protect the boy from the Patriots by having Campbell pose as John's father. After she reveals the truth to Raiden, the couple reconciles.[44]

Rosemary does not appear in Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance, but Raiden mentions that she and their son are living in New Zealand.[126]

Rosemary is voiced by Kikuko Inoue in the Japanese version. In the English translation, Rosemary is voiced by Lara Cody (in Metal Gear Solid 2 and Metal Gear Solid 4) and by Kari Wahlgren (in Metal Gear Solid 2: Digital Graphic Novel).[9]

Olga Gurlukovich[edit]

Olga Gurlukovich (オルガ・ゴルルコビッチ, Oruga Gorurukobitchi, Ольга Гурлукович) is a member of her father's mercenary unit during Metal Gear Solid 2.[21] Her character was somewhat based on Meryl Silverburgh, though Kojima wanted to make her look like a professional rather than a rookie.[122] She first appears in the Tanker chapter as a member of the Gurlukovich mercenary unit and is the sole boss character in this portion of the game. She takes over her father's unit after her father's death in the Tanker chapter, lending her team to Solidus Snake's Sons of Liberty terrorist faction.[127] She is actually an unwilling agent for the Patriots who are holding her daughter hostage, and assists Raiden as Mr. X (a second version of the Cyborg Ninja),[128] simulating Gray Fox during Metal Gear Solid.[129] By doing so, she betrays her comrades to ensure her child's safety, a realization that makes her feel guilty. She is later shot and killed by Solidus.[130] Olga Gurlukovich is voiced by Kyoko Terase in the Japanese version and by Vanessa Marshall in the English translation.

Solidus Snake[edit]

Solidus Snake (ソリダス・スネーク, Soridasu Sunēku), also known by the public identity of George Sears (ジョージ・シアーズ, Jōji Shiāzu),[131] is the third (and perfect) clone of Big Boss. After being alluded to as the President of the United States in Metal Gear Solid, he makes his first official appearance as the main antagonist in Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, with a design based on Yoji Shinkawa's thoughts regarding how Solid Snake would look when older,[122] as well as being the adoptive father of Raiden.[117] During Sons of Liberty, Solidus turns against the Patriots and poses as Snake while instigating a terrorist takeover of the Big Shell with Revolver Ocelot and Olga Gurlukovich in order to form his own nation to leave his impact on the world.[132][133][134] For combat, Solidus wears a powered suit outfitted with a pair of robotic tentacles known as "snake arms". He wields an FN P90 submachine gun and a pair of katana blades nicknamed "the Democrat" (民主刀, Minshutou) and "the Republican" (共和刀, Kyouwatou).[129] Solidus tries to kill Raiden to use his foster son's nanomachines to lead him to the Patriots.[135] However, Raiden severely injures Solidus in their duel atop Federal Hall National Memorial, slicing into the spine of Solidus's powered exoskeleton with a high frequency blade, and Solidus falls off the building and seemingly dies from his injuries. In Metal Gear Solid 4, Solidus's brain-dead body is used for Big Boss's reconstruction, and as a decoy used by Liquid Ocelot to hack into the Patriots' AI.[136]

In 2012, GamesRadar featured both him and Liquid Snake in the second place on the list of most evil clones in gaming, commenting that "as evil clones go, the ones that threaten the world with thermonuclear war and eradication rank as some of the worst."[137] Solidus Snake was voiced by Akio Ōtsuka in Japanese and by John Cygan in English.

Dead Cell[edit]

Dead Cell is a black-ops unit introduced in Metal Gear Solid 2 as the game's bosses. Formed by Solidus Snake, Dead Cell's original purpose was to prepare military bases for surprise attacks by holding unannounced training sessions.


Fortune (フォーチュン, Fōchun), real name Helena Dolph Jackson (ヘレナ・ドルフ・ジャクソン, Herena Dorufu Jakuson), is the leading member of Dead Cell and a member of Solidus Snake's Sons of Liberty terrorist group seen in Metal Gear Solid 2. She is an African-American woman with blond hair, something requested by Shinkawa as he thought she would be appealing.[129] Her weapon is a railgun. Her codename comes from her nearly-miraculous ability to have bullets pass by her without hitting her.[138] Fortune confronts Raiden as the first boss character in the Plant chapter, though she cannot actually be defeated due to her powers. The fight ends when Vamp arrives and is seemingly killed by Raiden, which makes her temporarily lose her will to fight until Vamp revives.[139] Her true motive is to seek revenge against Solid Snake, whom she believes was responsible for her father's death on board the Discovery tanker.[140] Near the end of the game, she learns it was actually Revolver Ocelot who killed her father, and Ocelot reveals that her immunity to bullets was simply the result of an electromagnetic force field surrounding her body, which he deactivates before shooting her.[141] However, Fortune manages to psychically deflect Ocelot's attacks from Metal Gear RAY before dying, with Snake hinting that her power as "Lady Luck" was not completely fake. Fortune is voiced by Yumi Tōma in the Japanese version and by Maula Gale in the English translation


Vamp (ヴァンプ, Vanpu) is a member of Dead Cell from Romania. He is a knife-throwing specialist endowed with numerous vampire-like abilities and attributes, such as a taste for blood, superhuman strength, speed, agility, and the ability to walk on walls and run across water (although this was based on a character that was scrapped).[3] His moniker has dual meanings, being a short form of the English word vampire as well as referring to his bisexual orientation.[142] Vamp was originally designed as a woman, but when the character of Fortune was introduced, the design was changed to that of a man, although his long black hair was retained,[143] with the finished model being based on dancer Joaquín Cortés.[122]

First appearing in Metal Gear Solid 2, he is part of Solidus Snake's "Sons of Liberty" terrorist group during the Plant chapter. Vamp confronts Raiden several times throughout the course of the game and is seemingly killed, but still manages to survive.[101] In Metal Gear Solid 4, Vamp appears as a member of Liquid Ocelot's private army and as Raiden's rival.[43] His "immortality" is revealed to be caused by nanomachines in his body that heal all of his wounds at an extraordinarily fast rate, augmenting his natural healing abilities.[144] After Naomi Hunter designs a syringe used to destabilize the functionality of nanomachines, a wounded Vamp uses it to kill himself and end his suffering.[145]

Vamp was also added to the second expansion of Metal Gear Online as a playable character.[146] In the Japanese version, Vamp has been voiced by Ryotaro Okiayu (in Metal Gear Solid 2 and Metal Gear Solid 4) and by Shinya Tsukamoto (in Metal Gear Solid 2: Digital Graphic Novel). Vamp is voiced by Phil LaMarr in the English translation.


Fatman (ファットマン, Fattoman) is a member of Solidus Snake's Dead Cell unit seen in Metal Gear Solid 2 that specializes in explosives. He is a psychopathic, overweight bald man in a bomb disposal suit who moves around on inline skates and is armed with a Glock 18 in addition to his bombs. Shinkawa had trouble designing Fatman, as he had been requested to make him obese and good-looking at the same time.[129]

He is the second boss character in the Plant chapter. One of Raiden's early objectives in the Plant chapter is to deactivate a series of C4 charges planted within each of the struts surrounding the Shell 1 core. The explosives are revealed to be nothing more than dummy bombs serving to activate the real bomb in the basement of Strut A. A similar bomb planted in the basement of the Shell 2 Core detonates, killing Fatman's former mentor Peter Stillman in the process. As Raiden meets with him, Fatman reveals that he wishes to become the world's most famous bomber by surpassing Stillman.[147] Fatman then challenges Raiden to a duel at the heliport atop Strut E, which results in his death. It's later revealed that Fatman was actually an agent of The Patriots and that Stillman's presence in the facility was arranged to motivate Fatman into participating.

Fatman is named after the bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan on August 9, 1945. He is voiced by Kōzō Shioya in Japanese and by Barry Dennen in English.

Sergei Gurlukovich[edit]

Colonel Sergei Gurlukovich (セルゲイ・ゴルルコビッチ, Serugei Gorurukobitchi, Сергей Гурлукович) is Olga Gurlukovich's father and Revolver Ocelot's former commanding officer. Gurlukovich was also the one who provided a Hind-D helicopter to Liquid Snake in Metal Gear Solid in exchange for the possible usage of Metal Gear REX. An officer in Russia's Spetsnaz and GRU, he leads his personal team of mercenaries to seize the Discovery during the Tanker chapter of Metal Gear Solid 2 for the purpose of hijacking Metal Gear RAY.[148] In the course of the operation, Gurlukovich is betrayed and killed by Ocelot due to the Patriots wanting RAY for their cause.[149] Sergei Gurlukovich is voiced by Osamu Saka in the Japanese version and by Earl Boen in the English translation.

Scott Dolph[edit]

General Scott Dolph (スコット・ドルフ, Sukotto Dorufu) is the commandant of the Marine Corps and Fortune's father. In the Tanker chapter of Metal Gear Solid 2, he is in charge of transporting Metal Gear RAY to its testing site and gives a speech to his troops in the cargo holds, unaware that the ship is being hijacked. He is killed by Revolver Ocelot before hijacking RAY, his death serving as the root of Fortune's sorrow. Scott Dolph is voiced by Daisuke Gori in the Japanese version. In the English translation, Scott Dolph is voiced by Kevin Michael Richardson (in Metal Gear Solid 2) and by Phil LaMarr (in Metal Gear Solid 2: Digital Graphic Novel).

Peter Stillman[edit]

Peter Stillman (ピーター・スティルマン, Pītā Sutiruman) is a former NYPD bomb disposal expert working for the Bund Patrol and the former mentor of Fatman, having taught him everything he knows about explosives. In Metal Gear Solid 2, he infiltrates the Big Shell facility with SEAL Team 10. After Fatman has planted bombs within each of the struts in the entire Big Shell facility, Stillman provides Raiden and Snake (as Iroquois Pliskin) with the tools needed to track down and deactivate each of the explosives, while providing support to the player via codec. He eventually learns that the explosives Fatman planted were decoys used to activate the real bombs set to destroy the foundation of Shell 1 and Shell 2. Stillman races to the basement of Strut H, only to be caught in Fatman's trap; the bomb, being equipped with a proximity sensor, detonates, killing Stillman.

His character was most likely named after a character in Paul Auster's New York Trilogy. Peter Stillman is voiced by Shōzō Iizuka in the Japanese version. In the English translation, Peter Stillman is voiced by Greg Eagles (in Metal Gear Solid 2) and by James C. Mathis III (in Metal Gear Solid 2: Digital Graphic Novel).

Richard Ames[edit]

Colonel Richard Ames (リチャード・エイムズ, Richādo Eimuzu) is a Secret Service agent and an operative for the Patriots. He previously served the Defense Intelligence Agency where he met Nastasha Romanenko. He was married to Nastasha for a while, but the two ended up divorcing. He was taken hostage during the Big Shell incident. In Metal Gear Solid 2, he met Raiden and then threatened by Revolver Ocelot, and then suddenly dies from an apparent heart attack. It is later revealed that he died from his nanomachines deactivating his pacemaker thanks to a virus imitating FOXDIE put in place by the Patriots. Richard Ames is voiced by Masaharu Satō in the Japanese version and by Peter Renaday in the English translation.

James Johnson[edit]

James Johnson (ジェームズ・ジョンソン, Jēmuzu Jonson) is the President of the United States during the events of Sons of Liberty. He is the primary hostage Raiden is sent to rescue in the Plant chapter. After a series of ordeals, Raiden finally meets the President in the core of Shell 2. The President reveals that he was actually a willing accomplice in the terrorist act, his vital signs being the input codes to activate Arsenal Gear (the new version of Metal Gear housed in Big Shell), but was imprisoned after a conflict of interest with Solidus Snake, as Johnson wanted power whereas his predecessor preferred rebelling altogether. After he reveals the truth about Arsenal Gear to Raiden, he learns that he was manipulated to revolt by the Patriots as part of the "S3 Plan". He is then killed by Revolver Ocelot while arguing with Raiden to prevent the terrorists from launching a nuclear strike. James Johnson is voiced by Yuzuru Fujimoto in the Japanese version. In the English translation, James Johnson is voiced by Paul Lukather (in Metal Gear Solid 2) and by H. Richard Greene (in Metal Gear Solid 2: Digital Graphic Novel).

Emma Emmerich[edit]

Emma Emmerich Danziger (エマ・エメリッヒ・ダンジガー, Ema Emerihhi Danjigā), nicknamed E.E., is an AI programmer and the stepsister of Hal Emmerich. When Emma was a child, her mother Julie Danziger married Hal's father, Dr. "Huey" Emmerich. Emma and Hal became very close as children and often swam together. When Hal was an adolescent, he was seduced by Emma's mother. Upon learning this, Huey committed suicide by drowning in the family's swimming pool and accidentally dragged Emma into the water in the process. She survived, but not without injury. Emma expected Hal to save her, but Hal was unaware. Emma then developed a fear of water and became estranged from her stepbrother, blaming Hal for leaving the family afterwards.[150]

During the Plant chapter of Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, she is in charge of developing the AI that controls Arsenal Gear. She is escorted to the Shell 1 Core computer room by Raiden to download a virus into the GW AI system so that it cannot be used by the terrorists, but is ambushed by Vamp on the oil fence. Raiden snipes Vamp, but before falling into the sea, Vamp mortally stabs Emma in the stomach.[151] She later dies in the computer room confessing how she wanted to be closer to her stepbrother.[152] Emma Emmerich is voiced by Maria Yamamoto in the Japanese version and by Jennifer Hale in the English translation.

Introduced in Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater[edit]

Naked Snake[edit]

Naked Snake (ネイキッド・スネーク, Neikiddo Sunēku), real name Jack (ジャック, Jakku), is the main protagonist of the Metal Gear Solid prequel series. The character was originally introduced as Big Boss (ビッグ・ボス, Biggu Bosu), the genetic father of Solid Snake,[153] Liquid Snake, and Solidus Snake. The character's past is explored in Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater as a member of the FOX special forces team.[154] After defeating his legendary war hero mentor,[19] Naked Snake establishes FOXHOUND in Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops and Militaires Sans Frontières in Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker,[155] formally adopting the "Big Boss" nickname afterwards and serving as Venom Snake's mental template in Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain.[20]

Naked Snake is voiced by Akio Ōtsuka in the Japanese version. In the English translation, Naked Snake is voiced by David Hayter, and Big Boss is voiced by Kiefer Sutherland. Big Boss's aged version in Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots is voiced by Chikao Ōtsuka in Japanese and by Richard Doyle in English.


Zero (ゼロ), real name David Oh (デイビッド・オウ, Deibiddo Ō), also known as Major Zero and Major Tom,[156] is the true main antagonist of the entire Metal Gear series. Introduced in Metal Gear Solid 3, he is a former member of the British Special Air Service who serves as commanding officer of the FOX unit that communicates with Naked Snake via radio. In Portable Ops, Zero is arrested by the Pentagon for the FOX unit's revolt, but is exonerated afterwards.[106]

Peace Walker reveals Zero as leader of the Cipher organization that secretly controls the United States.[157] Metal Gear Solid 4 revealed Zero's fallout with Big Boss over the "Les Enfants Terribles" project eventually caused his control over the world via AIs that would become the Patriots,[157][158] and he personally appears in the game as a centennial in a persistent vegetative state (due to Skull Face's parasite in Metal Gear Solid V), during which Big Boss cuts off his oxygen supply and places him in a chokehold to facilitate his death.[159]

Zero is voiced by Banjō Ginga in the Japanese version. In the English translation, Zero is voiced by Jim Piddock (in Metal Gear Solid 3) and by Time Winters (in Metal Gear Solid V).


Dr. Nikolai Stepanovich Sokolov (ニコライ・ステパノヴィッチ・ソコロフ, Nikorai Sutepanovitchi Sokorofu, Николай Степанович Соколов) is a rocket scientist seen in Metal Gear Solid 3. Despite being cowardly and timid, he was able to defect to the United States two years before the events of the game, but was sent back to the USSR as a secret addition to the negotiations for ending the Cuban Missile Crisis. He develops the Shagohod.[160] In the midst of Naked Snake's retrieval of Sokolov, Colonel Volgin recaptures him and forces him to complete the weapon, and he later seemingly dies of torture off-screen for trying to escape. Despite his apparent death, Sokolov returns in Portable Ops as the informant Ghost (ゴースト, Gōsuto). After escaping to the US with the help of FOX's new commander Gene, he builds the first Metal Gear, a quadrupedal model, but still assists Big Boss as a result of the danger the so-called Metal Gear RAXA poses.[161] He can also be recruited into the early FOXHOUND team.[106] Nikolai Sokolov is voiced by Naoki Tatsuta in Japanese and by Brian Cummings in English.

The Boss[edit]

The Boss (ザ・ボス, Za Bosu), also known as The Joy (ザ・ジョイ, Za Joi), is Naked Snake's mentor and mother figure, Ocelot's biological mother,[162] and one of the main antagonists of Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. After apparently defecting to the Soviet Union, she ultimately forces Naked Snake to kill her in a duel. It is revealed by EVA at the end of Snake Eater that The Boss's defection was a ploy to acquire the "Philosopher's Legacy" cache from Volgin's possession, though Volgin's impromptu use of a Davy Crockett on Soviet soil led the US government to turn The Boss into a scapegoat to avoid escalating the Cold War. The Boss is voiced by Kikuko Inoue in the Japanese version and by Lori Alan in the English translation.


Colonel Yevgeny Borisovitch Volgin (エヴゲニー・ボリソヴィッチ・ヴォルギン, Evugenī Borisovitchi Vorugin, Евгений Борисович Волгин), better known as "Thunderbolt" in the West, is a Stalinist GRU colonel and the main antagonist of Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. His body carries an electric charge of ten million volts (speculated by Soviet scientists to be the result of electrokinesis) that he uses chiefly for fighting and torture.[163] A sadistic brute of a man, Volgin delights in causing wanton destruction and inflicting pain on anyone who crosses his path. He is also revealed to have been one of the chief perpetrators behind the 1940 Katyn Forest Massacre.[164]

During the events of Snake Eater, Volgin conspires to use the Shagohod as part of a bid to seize control of the Soviet Union by deposing Nikita Khrushchev and installing Leonid Brezhnev in his place. In the story's climax, he pilots Shagohod and engages Naked Snake and EVA in a fight to the death. After being critically wounded, it begins to rain and he is struck by a bolt of lightning, which leaves him comatose and near death.[165] Upon being retrieved and experimented on by Russian scientists, Volgin returns as the Man on Fire (燃える男, Moeru Otoko) in Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain, where he desires revenge for his defeat; this desire is so great that it is the only thing keeping him alive, and his appearance as a man made entirely of fire is the physical manifestation of his desire. His appearance and enables him to convert the energy from firearms and explosive rounds into powerful attacks. However, he eventually dies in peace in a final confrontation, where it is implied that he deduced Venom Snake is not the target of his vendetta.

Volgin is voiced by Kenji Utsumi in Japanese and by Neil Ross in English. The Man on Fire is voiced by Dave Fouquette.


EVA (エヴァ) first appears in Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, set in 1964, as a motorbike-riding supposed KGB female spy and a former NSA codebreaker who has defected to the Soviets along with ADAM. She uses her charm and good looks to win over the trust of Naked Snake and the Soviet enemies.[166] EVA intends to kill Major Ocelot to avoid revealing her cover, but is stopped by Snake. Later, she infiltrates Colonel Volgin's GRU base under the guise of Tatyana (タチアナ, Tachiana), Sokolov's supposed lover, and assists Snake;[167] "Tatyana" is tortured by Volgin with electric shocks in order to coerce the uncooperative Sokolov into completing the Shagohod's development. Throughout their respective missions, EVA and Snake began to develop romantic feelings for one another, though Snake is initially hesitant. She helps Snake destroy the Shagohod, kill Volgin, and reach the Philosophers' Legacy so that she can later steal the latter, even seeming to fall in love with Snake. At one point, EVA is nearly killed by Volgin until The Boss volunteers to execute her personally (in actuality saving her from Volgin). After the mission is completed, EVA and Snake have a one-night stand, but she cannot bring herself to carry out the order of assassinating Snake, as she promised The Boss she would not. Instead, she flees with what she believes to be the Philosophers' Legacy (which was actually half taken by Ocelot for the CIA) and intelligence data that would lead to the breakthrough in the Chinese nuclear weapons program. Snake discovers a tape EVA has left revealing all her secrets. The epilogue prior to the credits goes on to state that EVA disappeared in Hanoi, North Vietnam, during the Vietnam War in 1968.[168]

EVA reappears in Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops as a recruitable character by completing a series of optional missions.[106] In 1971, Big Boss and EVA reconciled after she was tracked down and rescued in Hanoi, and she was invited to become a founding member of a shadow government along with Zero, Para-Medic, Sigint, and Ocelot. At some point, she also discovered Ocelot's codename of ADAM, and the two reconciled. In 1972, EVA volunteered to serve as a surrogate mother in the "Les Enfants Terribles" project designed with Big Boss's "sons" to maintain an icon for their organization, despite Big Boss's disapproval and eventual defection in opposition to Zero's methods. She was originally implanted with eight clone fetuses, though six were intentionally aborted in order to encourage stronger growth in the remaining two—Solid Snake and Liquid Snake.[158]

EVA does not make a direct appearance in Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker. She would remain in contact with Big Boss, passing on cassette tape recordings to Militaires Sans Frontieres in 1974. In them, she detailed further information on The Boss's final mission, and the motivations behind her actions, having been entrusted to pass this on to Big Boss. These tapes were later supplied to Big Boss with no return address and only her codename, with Big Boss hesitantly explaining that she was an "old acquaintance".

In Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots, which is set in 2014, she appears under the identity of Big Mama (ビッグ・ママ, Biggu Mama) (also called Matka Pluku, Czech for "Mother of the Regiment") as the leader of the Paradise Lost Army resistance movement against The Patriots. It is revealed that she was fired from her job as a spy after she failed a mission in the previous game.[169] She assists Old Snake in Eastern Europe. During a chase, EVA crashes her motorcycle and is seriously injured. When Liquid throws Big Boss's body into a fire, she attempts to save it but is nearly burned to death. Snake saves her from Liquid Ocelot's gunshot, but the left side of his face is badly burnt in the process. EVA later dies, apparently from her injuries, but it is later revealed that the mutated FOXDIE virus carried in Snake's body is what killed her.[170]

In Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain, Zero tasked EVA to arrange Big Boss's confinement at a hospital in Cyprus after XOF's attack on Mother Base, revealing this to Ocelot.

EVA and Olga Gurlukovich's outfits can be used as costumes in Rumble Roses XX.[171] EVA also makes a cameo appearance in Super Smash Bros. Brawl as an obtainable sticker, usable exclusively by Solid Snake in The Subspace Emissary.

EVA's character model was based by Hideo Kojima on a gravure idol he liked ("○○里", a possible reference to Chisato Morishita (森下 千里)),[172] and her personality traits were inspired by Fujiko Mine from Lupin III.[173] He also said: "On Eva's back are signs of torture. There are burn marks and cut marks, as well as some very old scars. The Colonel interrogated her with 'hentai play' (変態プレイ)." According to Kojima, EVA's character was disliked by the English voice actors for her personality.[172]

In the Japanese version, EVA is voiced by Misa Watanabe (in Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops and Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker) and Mari Natsuki (in Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots). In the English translation, EVA is voiced by Suzetta Miñet (in Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater and Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker), Vanessa Marshall (in Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops) and Lee Meriwether (in Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots).

In 2007, Tom's Games included her among the 50 greatest female characters in video game history, proposing that she should be portrayed in a live-action adaptation by "Uma Thurman, because she's tall, blonde and built to kick ass."[174] In 2011, instead proposed Gillian Jacobs, adding that "EVA proved herself as one of the games' smartest and craftiest characters, playing heroes and villains alike like oversized flesh fiddles."[175] The scene between the "sexy" EVA, Snake, and Ocelot in MGS3 was ranked as fifth on the 2010 list of the most Metal Gear amazing cutscenes by Joystick Division.[176] EVA was chosen as "the perfect one to top the list" of the "PlayStation 2 babes" by Chris Reiter of Gaming Target in 2005.[177]


Para-Medic (パラメディック, Paramedikku), also known as Dr. Clark (クラーク博士, Kurāku-hakase), is a FOX support team member that provides medical information.[178] As Snake Eater is set before the modern use of the word "paramedic", her codename instead comes from a portmanteau of "parachute" and "medic".[179] Para-Medic provides Naked Snake with information in Metal Gear Solid 3 (surgical information, general information on the local flora and fauna, and, despite Snake's disinterest, information about her favourite films), and can later be recruited into the early FOXHOUND team in Portable Ops.[106]

Later games revealed that Para-Medic was the head of Zero's "Les Enfants Terribles" project,[180] and was the one responsible for Gray Fox's revival, being ultimately murdered by the first Cyborg Ninja.[181] Originally, many people believed that Dr. Clark was a man, which is later explained as due to being so secretive that nobody knows anything about her, including the fact that she was actually a woman.[182] Para-Medic is voiced by Houko Kuwashima in Japanese and by Heather Halley in English.

Cobra Unit[edit]

The Cobra Unit is The Boss's personal team of military specialists, serving as the bosses of Metal Gear Solid 3. Each member is named after the primary emotion that they bring into battle.

The Pain[edit]

The Pain (ザ・ペイン, Za Pein) has the ability to control hornets at will through the buzzing of a queen hornet that he keeps in his backpack. Apart from his swarms of hornets, The Pain is also equipped with a Tommy gun and grenades, using his hornets in conjunction with these weapons. He also uses his hornets to shield himself and create a body double to confuse and draw his opponents into the open.[183] In Metal Gear Solid 3, he fights and is defeated by Naked Snake. The Pain is voiced by Hisao Egawa in the Japanese version and by Gregg Berger in the English translation.

The Fear[edit]

The Fear (ザ・フィアー, Za Fiā) is a member of the Cobra unit known for his superhuman speed and agility, as well as his freakish, fearsome appearance. Capable of dislocating his joints at will, he is able to crawl, walk on water, flip, leap extremely quickly in the manner of a spider, and also climb on and jump between trees with ease. He uses two crossbows in battle, the Little Joe and the William Tell, coating their bolts in the venom of the Brazilian wandering spider,[184] setting them on fire, or even outfitting them with explosives. He uses a variety of wires and ropes to enhance his mobility. On top of his incredible agility, he also uses stealth camouflage to make himself nearly invisible.[185] At the beginning of the battle in Metal Gear Solid 3, he shoots Naked Snake in the leg with a poisoned crossbow bolt, but wants to kill Snake himself rather than let the venom do the job for him. The poison begins to make Snake hallucinate, giving The Fear a distinct advantage, though Snake still manages to defeat him. The Fear is voiced by Kazumi Tanaka in Japanese and by Michael Bell in English.

The End[edit]

The End (ジ・エンド, Za Endo) is a member of the Cobra unit with exceptional sniping skills, born in the early 1860s, and the only member of the unit without an emotion-based codename, though it is explained in the game that it signifies "true oblivion".[186] The End is a venerable expert sniper, but is visibly vulnerable as a result of his age.[187] However, he is capable of photosynthesizing sunlight to sustain himself and can go for days without food or water (later explained in The Phantom Pain as the effect of a species of parasite that lives in his body). He has a pet Alexandrine parakeet who can alert him to Snake's presence. The End is the only member of the Cobras who will not kill the player under any circumstances; he only uses tranquilizing rounds and will throw Snake in a jail cell if he is defeated. The strategic sniper fight between Naked Snake and The End in Metal Gear Solid 3 was developed by Kojima, who wanted to bring a completely new style of boss battle to the series. However, the fight can be avoided if Snake kills a defenseless The End shortly beforehand,[188] or if the player saves during the fight and waits a week (or sets the system clock a week ahead), in which case The End dies of old age.

In Peace Walker, The End's voice can sometimes be heard over the Codec during ghost missions, and Snake comments numerous times during mission briefings asking Kazuhira Miller if he saw any parrots with the enemy snipers and scouts. The End is voiced by Osamu Saka in Japanese and by J. Grant Albrecht in English.

The Fury[edit]

The Fury (ザ・フューリー, Za Fyūrī) is a pyromaniac and former Soviet cosmonaut. He utilizes a flame-resistant Soviet space suit in conjunction with a jet pack and a powerful flamethrower, both of which are powered by the liquid rocket fuel UDMH. His codename reflects the unmitigated fury he feels towards the world while he is fighting.[189] In Metal Gear Solid 3, he fights and is defeated by Naked Snake. The Fury is voiced by Masato Hirano in the Japanese version and by Richard Doyle in the English translation.

The Sorrow[edit]

The Sorrow (ザ・ソロー, Za Sorō) was a powerful spirit medium and a former member of the Cobra unit, who used his psychic powers to aid his fellow soldiers on the battlefield.[190] After being romantically involved with The Boss, he was the father of her child.[162] After the ideological rift created by the Cold War, loyalties changed, with him and The Boss each taking their respective sides. The Boss reluctantly killed him in 1962 for making a double agent out of a sleeper agent she sent to OKB-1 to gather data on the USSR's space program.[191] He makes many hidden appearances in ghost form throughout the game's cutscenes.[192] In Metal Gear Solid 3, after escaping from Groznyj Grad and suffering a near-death experience, Naked Snake encounters The Sorrow while being forced to wade through an endless river swarming with all of the enemies that Snake has killed up to that point.[193] The Sorrow is voiced by Yukitoshi Hori in Japanese and by David Thomas in English.


Ivan Raidenovitch Raikov (イワン・ライデノヴィッチ・ライコフ, Iwan Raidenovitchi Raikofu, Иван Райденович Райков) is a high-ranking officer within Groznyj Grad. He is implied to be Colonel Volgin's secret lover, and consequently has colonel-class authority despite only having a rank of major. The character is a parody of Raiden. The player is also able to wear a mask to impersonate him, as Kojima noted that there were fans who wanted to play as Raiden in Metal Gear Solid 3.[194] Besides impersonating Raikov, Naked Snake is required to incapacitate him and take his uniform to further infiltrate Groznyj Grad, with the player also being given the choice of killing him. According to Kojima, the reason why he left Raikov's fate up to the player was largely because of Raiden's controversial popularity, where he'd allow the player, depending on whether their views of Raiden were positive or negative, to spare or kill Raikov, respectively.[195]

Raikov appears as a secret character in Portable Ops, having been exiled to Colombia by the Soviet military after the fallout of Operation Snake Eater runs him afoul of the Kremlin.[106] Raikov is voiced by Kenyu Horiuchi in the Japanese version and by Charlie Schlatter in the English translation.

Aleksandr Granin[edit]

Aleksandr Leonovitch Granin (アレクサンドル・レオノヴィッチ・グラーニン, Александр Леонович Гранин) is the director of OKB-812, also known as the Granin Design Bureau. He is the man who originally came up with the concept of bipedal walking tanks. He supplies Naked Snake with the key to the door near the warehouse, but later dies at Volgin's hands. Aleksandr Granin is voiced by Takeshi Aono in Japanese and by Jim Ward in English.


Johnny is a GRU soldier seen in Snake Eater. He is assigned to watch over Naked Snake's jail cell in Groznyj Grad after Snake is captured by Volgin. He wears the standard uniform all the GRU soldiers wear in the game, except his balaclava is adorned with a large letter J on its forehead. Due to having an estranged son with the same name in America and claiming that all the first-born sons in his family are given that name, he is implied to be the grandfather of Johnny Sasaki. Johnny is voiced by Naoki Imamura in Japanese and by Michael Gough in English.

CIA Director[edit]

The Director of Central Intelligence is a minor character who appears at the end of Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. The DCI resembles John McCone (the actual DCI in 1964), but is written as an unnamed fictionalized counterpart. He was the one who planned Operation Snake Eater, and as a result, Naked Snake refuses to shake his hand during the award ceremony after returning from the mission. He was also the one who employed Ocelot (aka ADAM) as a triple agent within the CIA, KGB and GRU. In the end of Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops, Ocelot betrays the DCI under orders from a new employer and kills him in order to obtain the location of the Philosopher's Legacy. In the Japanese version, the DCI is voiced by an uncredited actor (in Metal Gear Solid 3) and by Masaharu Sato (in Portable Ops). In the English translation, the DCI is voiced by Paul Collins (in Metal Gear Solid 3) and by Jesse Corti (in Portable Ops).

DOD Official[edit]

A DOD official appears at the end of Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, where he briefly talks to the DCI during Big Boss's award ceremony. He bears the likeness of Robert McNamara (the actual Secretary of Defense in 1964), although the character was later rewritten to be the Army Chief of Staff in Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker. He makes an unvoiced appearance in the end of Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops, where he can be seen standing next to Major Zero during FOXHOUND's inauguration ceremony. In Peace Walker, the character, who is now the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, gets in touch with Big Boss when Peace Walker relays false nuclear launch data. He is the only member at the DEFCON meeting who believes Big Boss when told that the nuclear launch data is false after the latter provides proof, but is held at gunpoint by the other executive members when he orders them to stand down from retaliating. Big Boss ultimately succeeds, however, in stopping a retaliation strike from being launched.

Introduced in Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops[edit]


Jonathan (ジョナサン, Jonasan) is one of the Red Army soldiers stationed at the San Hieronymo base. He is the first of the enemy soldiers to be recruited by Naked Snake's early FOXHOUND group. After meeting Snake and Roy Campbell, Jonathan says the Red Army personnel were assigned to build the base as an alternate strategic missile site after the Cuban Missile Crisis; détente and the USSR's commitment to the SALT negotiations resulted in the abandonment of the base, leading the soldiers to join Gene. Jonathan is left impressed with Snake's idealism and also helps in treating Campbell's bout with malaria. As Gene manipulates the Soviet soldiers into killing each other later in the game, Jonathan takes a few rounds meant for Snake and dies in his arms, leading Snake to scream out in sorrow and rage. Jonathan's death comes to traumatize Snake deeply, further shaping the ideals and principles that Snake comes to uphold as Big Boss. Jonathan is voiced by Takahiro Fujimoto in Japanese and by Robin Atkin Downes in English.


Colonel Skowronski is a commander of the Red Army base in San Hieronymo. A World War II veteran and former fighter pilot, Naked Snake finds him hiding aboard a ship in the harbor that housed his fighter plane collection. It is revealed that the colonel had been drinking after Gene's men took over the base and even turned his Red Army troops against him. Skowronski dies in an attempt to kill Gene using RAXA. When it shuts down, Ursula telekinetically removes him from the cockpit and drops him to his death. Colonel Skowronski is voiced by Tetsu Inada in Japanese and by Nick Jameson in English.


Python (パイソン, Paison) is one of FOX's original members, revealed to have worked alongside Naked Snake during the early stages of the US advisory effort in Vietnam. However, he was severely injured during a mission with the Civilian Irregular Defense Group, losing the ability to regulate his body temperature. The US government operated on him to stabilize his body temperature, eventually putting him in a Sneaking Suit filled with liquid nitrogen, with several needles in his head to vent excess heat. The CIA uses him as a counterpart to Snake in case he rebelled. Python allies with the player if he is defeated by non-lethal means, but will burn to death if he is killed. Python is voiced by Yûsaku Yara in Japanese and by Dwight Schultz in English.

Elisa and Ursula[edit]

Elisa (エルザ, Eruza) and Ursula are split personalities of a teenage girl raised in East Germany to nuclear physicists who worked in the USSR. She is revealed to be a survivor of the 1957 Kyshtym disaster; the radioactive fallout triggered her psychic abilities. The girl returned to East Germany and underwent numerous ESP and psychic tests. The testing enabled the girl to create split personalities that people can mistake as twins due to their different hair colors (Elisa has gold hair, where Ursula's hair is silver). Gene rescued her during a mission in 1966 and later trained her personas – Elisa in medicine and Ursula in combat abilities. Over the course of the game, Elisa helps Naked Snake. However, the Ursula personality appears during Snake's showdown with Metal Gear RAXA. The combined personalities attempt to stop Gene, resulting in "their" deaths. Elisa's last words to Snake cryptically point to important developments in later games. Elisa and Ursula are voiced by Saori Gotō in Japanese and by Tara Strong in English.


Lt. Cunningham is an African-American soldier and FOX's resident interrogation specialist that goes by the codename Boa. After losing his leg due to unspecified reasons and getting demoted to desk work by the CIA, the Department of Defense taps him to besmirch the CIA's reputation, a job he accepted due to desiring revenge for his demotion. This enables him to join Gene's revolt and later to interrogate Naked Snake about the Philosophers' Legacy. Snake defeats him upon learning of the DOD's plans, with his flying platform exploding shortly thereafter, although not before he attempts to destroy the base with a Davy Crockett round in an attempt to ensure Snake dies with him. Cunningham is voiced by Daisuke Gori in Japanese and by Noah Nelson in English.


Gene is the commander of FOX and the main antagonist of Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops. Having joined the unit under the codename Viper, he proves his worth by rescuing Sokolov and Elisa during missions to Eastern Europe. A doctor by trade with a moderate degree of political science knowledge, he gradually undermines Major Zero's authority and prepares his own rebellion. Gene participates in the Successor Project, a special program designed to create a military officer modeled after The Boss and highly educated in military strategy and tactics. The program results in Gene having developed enhanced CQC abilities and mild telepathic powers of persuasion. Naked Snake kills him after Gene reveals his plans behind the takeover of the San Hieronymo base. Recognizing Snake's combat skills, Gene bequeaths to Snake all the resources he had amassed for the military force Army's Heaven. Gene is voiced by Norio Wakamoto in Japanese and by Steven Blum in English.

Introduced in Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots[edit]


Sunny Emmerich (サニー・エメリッヒ) is a gifted prodigy. She is Olga Gurlukovich's biological daughter, kidnapped at birth by the Patriots to manipulate her mother.[196] Afterwards, Raiden rescues her from the Patriots, leaving her in Otacon's care.[197] By the events of Metal Gear Solid 4, she is a gifted computer programmer, where it is heavily implied that her status as a prodigy is the result of genetic engineering experiments done to her at Area 51 while she was in the Patriots' possession. She and Naomi Hunter design the FOXALIVE virus, which Old Snake uses to disable the Patriots' AIs. Sunny returns in Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance, having been adopted by Otacon. She attended school after becoming free of the Patriots' influence, but was considered too "advanced"; after earning multiple degrees, she was hired by Solis Space & Aeronautics.[198] She helps Raiden reach Pakistan to stop Armstrong's plans, later allowing Bladewolf and George to work with her at Solis. Sunny is voiced by Kikuko Inoue in Japanese and by Cristina Pucelli in English.[9]

Drebin 893[edit]

Drebin (ドレビン, Durebin) is a weapons launderer that is usually accompanied by his pet monkey Little Gray. In Metal Gear Solid 4, he assists Old Snake by disabling ID-tagged weapons taken from PMC troops. He also provides exposition on the origins of each of the Beauty and the Beast members.[199] Drebin is actually a spy for the Patriots assigned to help Snake defeat Liquid Ocelot.[200] He injects Snake with nanomachines that allow him to use Drebin's weapons, in addition to secretly containing a new strain of FOXDIE programmed to kill EVA, Ocelot and Big Boss. His name is a reference to film character Frank Drebin in that he issues Snake "naked guns." Drebin is voiced by Keiji Fujiwara in Japanese and by Khary Payton in English.


Jonathan (ジョナサン, Jonasan) is a hulking Korean-American who serves as the Rat Patrol team's heavy weapons specialist and has a mohawk in the shape of an exclamation mark. He is named in reference to the lead character of Policenauts. Jonathan is voiced by Hideyuki Tanaka in Japanese and by James Sie in English.


Ed (エド, Edo) is an African-American who serves as the Rat Patrol team's sniper and Meryl Sliverburgh's second-in-command. He is a tribute to the Policenauts character of the same name.[9] Ed is voiced by Shōzō Iizuka in Japanese and by Dave Fennoy in English.

The Beauty and the Beast Corps[edit]

The Beauty and the Beast Corps (ビューティー&ビースト部隊, Byūtī & Bīsuto Butai) are a team of female PMC operatives in mechanized suits seen in Metal Gear Solid 4. Designed according to their animal designations, each member of the BB Corps features the likeness of a different real-life supermodel. Their "beast" form is voiced by Shōzō Iizuka in Japanese and by Fred Tatasciore in English.

Laughing Octopus[edit]

Laughing Octopus (ラフィング・オクトパス, Rafingu Okutopasu) wears a special cybernetic suit that can imitate the appearance of her surroundings or other people, allowing her to blend in before attacking with powerful mechanical tentacles. She was born and raised in a small Scandinavian hamlet known as the Devil's Village, where the residents habitually eat octopus. A nearby cult took offense to the village's diet and attacked, sparing few, including the young girl. On pain of death, they tortured her into killing her entire family while laughing. This has utterly numbed her to bloodshed and has spawned an obsession with laughter, particularly during battle. The character's likeness was provided by Lyndall Jarvis. Laughing Octopus is voiced by Haruna Aimoto in Japanese and by Paula Tiso in English. Various impersonations are voiced by Hideyuki Tanaka and Hiromi Tsuru in Japanese and by Christopher Randolph and Jennifer Hale in English.

Raging Raven[edit]

Raging Raven (レイジング・レイヴン, Reijingu Reivun) is capable of flight, utilizing UCAVs and a grenade launcher to attack her enemies. Born in Aceh, Indonesia, she was taken as a prisoner of war as a child. After enduring months of torture and starvation, her captors abruptly abandoned the prison, leaving her and the other child prisoners to be eaten alive by ravens. She was the last living child, though instead of eating her, the ravens pecked away her restraints. She found her captors' base camp, killing all soldiers and civilians present. The character's likeness was provided by Yumi Kikuchi. Raging Raven is voiced by Yumi Kikuchi in Japanese and by Nika Futterman in English.

Crying Wolf[edit]

Crying Wolf (クライング・ウルフ, Kuraingu Urufu) is the strongest member, attacking with a railgun or sheer brute force. She is also endowed with a strong sense of smell, enough to identify and track her quarry by scent in a snowstorm. She was born in an unnamed country ripped by civil war. After her family was killed in an attack, she fled the village with her baby brother and became a refugee. When hiding from an enemy unit in a shack, her brother began to cry; she covered his mouth to silence him and accidentally killed him. Upon reaching a refugee camp, she was driven insane by her grief and by the cries of children. She experienced visions of a wolf killing the children of the camp; in reality, it was she who did so. The character's likeness was provided by Mieko Rye. Crying Wolf is voiced by Eriko Hirata in Japanese and by Debra Wilson in English.

Screaming Mantis[edit]

Screaming Mantis (スクリーミング・マンティス, Sukurīmingu Mantisu) is the group's leader. Able to float via unknown abilities, she has the power to crush people at will and manipulate soldiers to do her bidding, including killing their former allies. She has two puppets shaped like previous Metal Gear Solid bosses Psycho Mantis and The Sorrow. It is revealed that the Psycho Mantis puppet is used to control and manipulate living people, while the Sorrow puppet can be used to manipulate dead bodies. However, her powers are only applicable to people implanted with nanomachines and cannot affect people who can suppress nanomachine activity. It is also revealed that Psycho Mantis was controlling her mind as a result of her insanity. The character's likeness was provided by Scarlett Chorvat. Screaming Mantis is voiced by Mao Yuki in Japanese and by Andrea Zafra in English.

Introduced in Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker[edit]


Amanda Valenciano Libre (アマンダ・バレンシアノ・リブレ, Amanda Barenshiano Ribure) assumed command of the FSLN after her father, their previous leader, was killed. After many of her members were forced out of Nicaragua by government forces, the KGB came to the Sandinistas' aid by having them operate a banana plantation that is actually a front for drug-trafficking operations to generate funds for their rebel activities. During Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, Amanda shows a romantic interest in Naked Snake when Snake frees the Sandinista survivors from the Peace Sentinels. Towards the end of the game, Amanda leads the Sandinistas into fighting the KGB. In the game, the player can use Amanda to motivate former guerrillas recruited into MSF. In Ground Zeroes, Amanda is stated to be working on MSF's Cuban operations. Amanda Libre is voiced by Romi Park in Japanese and by Grey DeLisle in English.


Ricardo Valenciano Libre (リカルド・バレンシアノ・リブレ, Rikarudo Barenshiano Ribure),[201] nicknamed Chico (チコ, Chiko), is Amanda's younger brother. During Peace Walker, he tries to prove himself to his sister and the FSLN rebels despite his age. An argument results in Chico wandering around the forest and his capture by the Peace Sentinels. He also talks to Naked Snake about sightings of the Peace Walker AI weapon (which he calls "El Basilisco"). Chico has an interest in cryptozoology, is the one who briefs Snake on Monster Hunter missions, and is in love with Paz Ortega Andrade.

In Ground Zeroes, Chico is imprisoned and tortured in Camp Omega after trying to rescue Paz. It is also implied by tapes that he was forced to have sexual intercourse with Paz. He is aboard Big Boss's helicopter when it crashes into the Caribbean Sea; The Phantom Pain states that he did not survive, although Chico was planned to appear as an adult as seen in concept art.[202] Chico is voiced by Kikuko Inoue in Japanese and by Antony Del Rio in English.


Dr. Emmerich (エメリッヒ博士, Emerihhi-hakase), nicknamed Huey (ヒューイ, Hyūi), is a wheelchair-bound scientist who was born paraplegic due to having an abnormal spine, the son of a Manhattan Project scientist, and the father of Hal Emmerich. Previous games alluded to his character; Metal Gear Solid revealed he was born on the same day as the Hiroshima attack when Snake first meets Hal,[203] Metal Gear Solid 2 revealed that he committed suicide by drowning after finding out that his son was having an affair with his second wife, and Metal Gear Solid 3 alluded to the character as Granin's friend in the United States.

In Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, he and Strangelove are responsible for building the Peace Sentinels' AI weapons for Hot Coldman, and later MSF's own Metal Gear ZEKE for Naked Snake. In a personal letter he wrote to Strangelove, which he asks Snake to deliver, it is revealed that they worked together at NASA and Huey expressed much interest in Strangelove.[204]

Huey remains with Big Boss and MSF during Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes, working to hide MSF's nuclear capabilities from the United Nations. He is present when MSF is attacked by the XOF forces, though Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain confirms that Emmerich managed to escape the chaos, eventually developing a cybernetic lower exoskeleton to gain the ability to walk. Emmerich maintains that he was misled by Cipher and abducted to work on the new model Metal Gear Sahelanthropus in Afghanistan for Skull Face, where he is rescued and detained by Diamond Dogs. He resumes his work for Diamond Dogs, but faces constant interrogation and lingering doubts about his allegiances, ultimately coming to view Diamond Dogs as being no different from Coldman or Cipher. Emmerich is accused by Diamond Dogs of murdering Strangelove and facilitating the attack on MSF for Cipher in exchange for his own safety, and is later found guilty of triggering a deadly new mutation in the vocal cord parasites that results in Venom Snake being forced to execute his own men and prevent them from escaping into the world. As punishment, Snake chooses to exile Emmerich from Diamond Dogs and sends him away in a single small lifeboat. Emmerich is forced to dump his exoskeleton into the water to prevent the lifeboat from sinking, leaving him paraplegic once more.

Huey is voiced by Hideyuki Tanaka in Japanese and by Christopher Randolph in English.

Hot Coldman[edit]

Hot Coldman (ホット・コールドマン, Hotto Kōrudoman) is depicted as a former director of the CIA sent to manage the CIA's Latin American operations, and is one of the main antagonists in Peace Walker. Because of bitterness over his demotion, Coldman plans to use the Peace Sentinels and the Peace Walker Project to regain his status as a power player in Washington. The true reason behind his exile was because he planned Operation Snake Eater.[205] Coldman believes nuclear deterrence is a flawed theory, claiming humans won't retaliate during a nuclear strike due to fear of destroying themselves. Coldman believes that with impartial artificial intelligence, Peace Walker would guarantee retaliatory nuclear strikes against any nuclear power, ensuring true deterrence and worldwide peace. Coldman ultimately dies after being shot by Zadornov, but not before inputting Peace Walker's nuclear launch codes and leaking false data to NORAD of an impeding USSR nuclear strike against the US. Coldman is ultimately proven wrong, as senior members of NORAD planned to retaliate against the USSR. Coldman is voiced by Mugihito in Japanese and by H. Richard Greene in English.


Vladimir Aleksandrovich Zadornov (ヴラジーミル・アレクサンドロヴィチ・ザドルノフ, Vurajīmiru Arekusandorovitchi Zadorunofu, Владимир Александрович Задорнов) is one of the main antagonists in Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker. The character initially disguises himself as Ramon Galvez Mena (ラモン・ガルベス・メナ, Ramon Garubesu Mena), a professor at the University of Peace. He possesses a red bionic right hand with a built-in lighter and the ability to be launched like a rocket. He and his student Paz Ortega Andrade visit the Militaires Sans Frontières' base in Colombia to recruit MSF's services. Galvez assists the MSF as they slowly uncover the Peace Sentinels' true motives in Costa Rica. He later unmasks himself as a KGB intelligence operative when Coldman prepares the Peace Walker to attack the MSF's Mother Base from inside a US base in Nicaragua. Zadornov plans to use Peace Walker to launch a nuke at Cuba and blame the attack on the US, which would lead to communism spreading throughout Central America. The MSF and FSLN capture him and incarcerate him at Mother Base, but he breaks out on several occasions and forces Big Boss to recapture him. He is eventually killed by Big Boss in self-defense. Vladimir Zadornov is voiced by Hōchū Ōtsuka in Japanese and by Steven Blum in English.


Strangelove (ストレンジラブ, Sutorenjirabu) is a British AI expert hired to work in the Peace Walker project and the mother of Hal Emmerich. During her stint with NASA in the late 1950s, Strangelove met The Boss and became enamored. She later met Huey while working in the Mercury program. In Peace Walker, her experience with The Boss and subsequent work in ARPA inspires her to create Peace Walker's AI matrix with The Boss's personality years later, which initially puts her at odds with Naked Snake. However, Strangelove later joins MSF in helping create Metal Gear ZEKE's AI matrix.

Strangelove was not present in Ground Zeroes, having left MSF a week before the IAEA inspection notification arrived due to the AI department being free of suspicion. The Phantom Pain reveals that she retrieved the Mammal Pod from Peace Walker's sunken remains to use as a basis for the Patriots' AI system at Zero's request, and she eventually married Huey and had their son Hal. Despite this, Strangelove reveals that she never loved Huey, and only wanted someone to conceive a child that she would see as her and The Boss's child. Even after her death, Strangelove couldn't let go of The Boss and always claimed to be forever in love with her idol. When Huey later attempted to use Hal as a test subject for Metal Gear Sahelanthropus, Strangelove intervened and the two began to argue. As a result, Strangelove was locked inside the Mammal Pod by Huey, who left her to suffocate. The Mammal Pod is later recovered and used as evidence against Huey during interrogation. Strangelove is voiced by Yumi Kikuchi in Japanese and by Vanessa Marshall in English.


Cécile Cosima Caminades (セシール・コジマ・カミナンデス, Seshīru Kojima Kaminandesu) is a French ornithologist. In Peace Walker, she is caught while trying to record quetzal sounds near an Incan ruin where the Peace Walker Project's AI laboratory is located. Cécile also was influenced by the May 1968 events in France, similar to other Parisian women at the time.[206] The way her name is pronounced is a play on the phrase Kojima, kami nan desu (小島、神なんです, "Kojima, he's definitely a god").[207] She is also named after and visually based on Cécile Caminades, an employee from the Paris branch of Konami Digital Entertainment.[208] Cécile did not appear in Ground Zeroes, as she had been evacuated from MSF and returned to Paris, France in preparation for the then-upcoming IAEA inspection. Cécile Caminades is voiced by Yū Kobayashi in Japanese and Catherine Taber in English.


Paz Ortega Andrade (パス・オルテガ・アンドラーデ, Pasu Orutega Andorāde) is first introduced in Peace Walker as an innocent schoolgirl at the University of Peace. She is the apparent student of Ramon Galvez Mena, who recruits the Militaires Sans Frontières in Costa Rica to survey Coldman's Peace Sentinel AI experiments. In the game's true ending, she is revealed to be an agent of Cipher named Pacifica Ocean. Paz hijacks Metal Gear ZEKE and tries to launch a nuclear warhead at the American East Coast, with the intention of framing MSF as being an extremist cult under Cipher's orders. Big Boss defeats her and she is thrown into the water from the force of ZEKE's explosion, although Big Boss suspects that there was a possibility that she survived.[209] Paz provides commentary about her deep-cover mission in a ten-part series of audio tapes called "Paz's Diary". In the tapes, Paz talks about life in Mother Base and her fears about a strong reprisal from Cipher if she blows her cover.

In Ground Zeroes, Paz is found alive drifting in the Caribbean before being captured by Skull Face's XOF group and brought to Camp Omega. During her interrogation, she undergoes extreme torture and the surgical implanting of explosive devices in her abdomen and womb. After learning of her survival, Big Boss is sent to retrieve her and Chico from the camp, believing her to be instrumental in finding and stopping Cipher. During the two's rescue, however, Big Boss and Chico discover the surgical scars from one of the bombs inside Paz's unconscious body, which the medic is forced to remove. While attempting to escape XOF's assault on MSF, Paz awakens and reveals the second bomb's presence before throwing herself from the helicopter in an attempt to save the others from the subsequent explosion, which kills her.

In The Phantom Pain, Venom Snake finds Paz apparently alive and recovering, as the second bomb was apparently removed as well, though Paz was not aware of this when she jumped from the helicopter and the explosion was actually caused by an enemy rocket launcher. Paz had once again fallen into the ocean, but managed to survive and was later brought back to Diamond Dogs. However, the impact resulted in amnesia due to dissociative identity disorder, leading her to forget everything about Cipher and believe herself to still be a student in 1974. When she removes a bomb from her stomach in front of him, however, Snake realizes that she is just a hallucination stemming from guilt over not being able to save her, and finally comes to terms with her death.

Paz Ortega Andrade / Pacifica Ocean is voiced by Nana Mizuki in Japanese and by Tara Strong in English.

Introduced in Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance[edit]

Maverick Security Consulting, Inc.[edit]

A private military and security company, Maverick acts as Raiden's primary support team over the course of the game.

Boris Popov[edit]

Boris Vyacheslavovich Popov (ボリス・ヴャチェスラヴォヴィチ・ポポフ, Borisu Vyachesuravovichi Popofu, Борис Вячеславович Попов) is the president of Maverick and a former Russian Army soldier. Between the Big Shell incident and Liquid Ocelot's uprising, he helped Raiden rescue Sunny from the Patriots at Area 51, having once been friends with Sergei Gurlukovich. He later founded Maverick after the fall of the Patriots, taking in former members of Big Mama's Paradise Lost army and recruiting Raiden to their ranks. Boris Popov is voiced by Takayuki Sugo in Japanese and by JB Blanc in English.

Kevin Washington[edit]

Kevin Washington (ケビン・ワシントン, Kebin Washinton) is a military strategist who briefs Raiden on his missions and provides additional combat intelligence. Prior to his tenure with Maverick, he worked in disarmament, demobilization and reintegration at an NGO with ties to the United Nations, but after meeting Boris and seeing how ineffective the UN was at maintaining DDR, he left and joined Maverick instead. Kevin Washington is voiced by Yuichi Nakamura in Japanese and by Phil LaMarr in English.

Courtney Collins[edit]

Courtney Collins (コートニー・コリンズ, Kōtonī Korinzu) is Maverick's lead data analyst. She went to the same university as Kevin, who would later recommend Maverick to her following her graduation. Courtney Collins is voiced by Miyuki Sawashiro in Japanese and by Kari Wahlgren in English.


Wilhelm Voigt (ヴィルヘルム・フォークト, Viruherumu Fōkuto), known as Doktor (ドクトル, Dokutoru), is a German cybernetics expert who helps construct Raiden's new cyborg body. He originally served as a walking-weapons researcher in East Germany, but was left jobless after the Berlin Wall fell. He was later hired by a prosthetics laboratory in Dortmund and rose to prominence thanks to his knowledge of robotics and engineering. He is brought on as an adviser to Maverick to provide information on cyborg soldiers, as well as to build Raiden a new body and train him in its use. Doktor is voiced by Mugihito in Japanese and by Jim Ward in English.

Desperado Enforcement LLC[edit]

The game's main antagonist, Desperado, is a self-proclaimed PMC that conducts nefarious schemes. Many of its operatives are bionically enhanced.

Jetstream Sam[edit]

Samuel Rodrigues (サムエル・ホドリゲス, Samueru Hodorigesu) is a master of a Brazilian fighting technique called the "New Shadow School", which was derived from a similar Japanese fighting style. Born and raised in Brazil, he is of Brazilian-Japanese heritage. Trained in swordsmanship by his father, who was killed by a former pupil under orders from a local drug cartel, Sam inherits his "Murasama" sword and becomes a vigilante and mercenary before being forced into service to Desperado by Armstrong. Known by the callsigns Jetstream and Minuano,[210] Sam is deeply involved with Desperado for most of the game. Raiden's rivalry with Sam is a major driving force of the plot. Sam is eventually killed by Raiden in a duel but bequeaths Raiden his sword, which is eventually used in his final battle with Armstrong. An additional chapter released as downloadable content details the backstory of how Sam joined Desperado. Jetstream Sam is voiced by Hiroaki Hirata in Japanese and by Philip Anthony-Rodriguez in English.


Sundowner (サンダウナー, Sandaunā) is Desperado's unofficial leader and part of the Winds of Destruction, a team of elite operatives. His name comes from winds that occur in Southern California. Born into poverty in Alabama, he joined the military during his early adulthood. He participated in several conflicts before leaving the service to become a mercenary for various PMCs until the fall of SOP, at which point he became part of Desperado. He wears a series of explosive shields, and his main weapons are two high-frequency machetes that combine into a giant pair of shears known as "Bloodlust". He is killed by Raiden following the latter's assault on the headquarters of World Marshal Inc., a PMC. Sundowner is voiced by Ken Nishida in Japanese and by Crispin Freeman in English.


Mistral (ミストラル, Misutoraru) is the second member of the Winds of Destruction trio, named after the dry northern winds that blow from the Alps to the Mediterranean. Born in Algeria to French and Algerian parents, she was orphaned as a child during the Algerian Civil War, finding and murdering those responsible years later. She briefly served in the French Foreign Legion before being recruited into Desperado by Armstrong. Her cybernetic body is capable of hosting multiple limbs taken from Dwarf Gekkos. Her main weapon is a long staff made of Dwarf Gekko arms that also acts as a whip, known as "L'Etranger" ("The Stranger"). She is killed by Raiden during a mission in Abkhazia after being doused in liquid nitrogen. Mistral is voiced by Romi Park in Japanese and by Salli Saffioti in English.


Monsoon (モンスーン, Monsūn) is the third member of the Winds of Destruction, named after the seasonal wind systems that occur in West Africa and Australasia, in addition to being born in Cambodia. His most prominent ability is to magnetically dislocate segments of his entire body to attack from a distance. He can also use smoke grenades for surprise attacks, and carries a pair of sai known as "Dystopia". His personality is that of a nihilistic, misanthropic sociopath, which is strongly implied to be the result of his being a survivor and victim of the Khmer Rouge's reign of terror.[211][212] He is killed by Raiden during the latter's assault on World Marshal's headquarters. Monsoon is voiced by Masashi Ebara in Japanese and by John Kassir in English.

Blade Wolf[edit]

Blade Wolf (ブレードウルフ, Burēdourufu), initially known as IF Prototype LQ-84i, is an unmanned AI weapon in Desperado's arsenal. When Raiden defeats the machine, Doktor rebuilds it as Raiden's ally. After nearly being destroyed by Armstrong, it later goes to live with Sunny at SOLIS. An additional chapter released as downloadable content details part of Blade Wolf's history with Desperado prior to its first encounter with Raiden. Blade Wolf is voiced by Yoshimasa Hosoya in Japanese and by Michael Beattie in English.


Khamsin (カムシン, Kamushin) is an unofficial fourth member of the Winds of Destruction (only appearing in the Blade Wolf DLC chapter), named after a hot, dry, dusty south–north wind in North Africa and the Middle East. He was discharged from the Marines due to friction between him and his teammates, and is held in similarly low regard by Desperado. Khamsin's body from the waist down is replaced with connectors to a large mech suit, which wields a chainsaw/battle-axe hybrid heavy enough to require built-in rocket boosters to swing. Blade Wolf is manipulated by Mistral into killing Khamsin, whom she believes to be a problem. Khamsin is voiced by Rikiya Koyama in Japanese and by Benito Martinez in English.

Senator Armstrong[edit]

Steven Armstrong (スティーヴン・アームストロング, Sutīvun Āmusutorongu) is a Colorado senator and the primary backer of both Desperado and World Marshal and the main antagonist of Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance. He seeks to be elected as president of the United States in order to rebuild the country from within, purging those too weak or impoverished to contribute to society. He uses nanomachines to enhance his strength and transform parts of his skin into metallic armor, reducing the effectiveness of attacks. He attempts to use Metal Gear EXCELSUS to assassinate the US president in Pakistan, but EXCELSUS is destroyed by Raiden, who ultimately kills him. In the Jetstream DLC, Armstrong is revealed to be the one who cut off Sam's arm. Steven Armstrong is voiced by Unsho Ishizuka in Japanese and by Alastair Duncan in English.

Introduced in Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain[edit]

Venom Snake[edit]

Punished "Venom" Snake (パニッシュド・ヴェノム・スネーク, Panisshudo Venomu Sunēku), also referred to as Ahab (エイハブ, Eihabu), is a central character in Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes and Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain. Originally a faceless MSF medic aboard Big Boss's helicopter when it crashed, he fell into a coma,[213] underwent facial reconstruction, and was subconsciously brainwashed in order to serve as Big Boss's body double,[20] distinguished by his bionic left arm, numerous facial scars, and shrapnel "horn" protruding from the right side of his forehead. Snake leads the Diamond Dogs mercenary outfit alongside various allies while facing Skull Face's XOF unit and the White Mamba.[214] The character is retroactively established to be Big Boss's phantom (ビッグ・ボスのファントム, Biggu Bosu no Fantomu) in the original Metal Gear game, who is killed by Solid Snake.[215] Venom Snake is voiced by Akio Ōtsuka in the Japanese version and Kiefer Sutherland in the English translation.[216][217]

Skull Face[edit]

Skull Face (スカルフェイス, Sukaru Feisu) is the central antagonist of Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes and Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain. The commander of the mysterious XOF special forces unit, he is distinguished by his heavily scarred face, bald head, and his choice of tailored suits over combat fatigues. His identity and nationality are initially unknown, and he claims to have forgotten his native language, though he is able to speak Hungarian and is later revealed to have been born in Transylvania before it was returned to Romanian control. These early years were instrumental in forming his identity or lack thereof; unable to establish a consistent identity, Skull Face came to resent cultural imperialism and ultimately Cipher's ideology. His injuries were sustained when a rapeseed oil factory his parents worked in was bombed on suspicion of manufacturing weapons, an incident he describes as an atrocity before admitting the suspicions were correct; he characterizes the incident as a case of the ends justifying the means. Following this, he was taken to the Soviet Union and subjected to an early form of "parasite therapy", whereby parasitic organisms were introduced into his body to keep him alive, and he was later infected with one of Code Talker's parasites that made it impossible for him to speak his mother tongue. He eventually became a spy and assassin apparently specializing in poisons, killing Joseph Stalin in revenge for the subjugation of Romania. Skull Face considers the bombing to have burned the humanity out of him, and tortures his captives to the brink of death in order to witness their hope being extinguished, believing that he can discover the source of his own hope and regain his humanity.

Initially, Skull Face became an agent of the XOF organization created by Zero to provide intel and support during missions, but he grew resentful of Zero's accumulated fame, while a lowly information officer would not be remembered due to Cipher keeping him in the shadows. By Ground Zeroes, he is a senior operative working on behalf of Cipher; he expresses dissatisfaction with Zero's leadership and seeks information that will lead him to Zero. As the commander of XOF, he authorizes and participates in the torture and imprisonment of Paz and Chico, and later leads an assault which results in the partial destruction of Big Boss's Militaires Sans Frontières.

By The Phantom Pain, Skull Face has fallen out of favor with Cipher and has been exiled to Africa, where he revives a project designed to weaponize a parasite as a form of ethnic cleansing, as the parasite targets and kills speakers of different languages. He uses the project to develop a strain of vocal cord parasite that targets English speakers, intending to unleash it against Cipher and start a new Cold War by giving easy-to-make nuclear weapons to minority groups. To do this, he activates the unfinished Metal Gear ST-84 "Sahelanthropus", piloted by Tretij Rebenok. However, Skull Face is betrayed by Tretij Rebenok, who leaves him crushed under a broken girder while Venom Snake neutralizes the ST-84. Skull Face accepts his defeat, apparent by his quoting of David Bowie's "Space Oddity". An incapacitated Skull Face begs to be killed, but Snake and Kazuhira Miller only shoot him several times with his own gun—detaching Skull Face's right arm and left leg—before turning away and leaving him to bleed to death; however, Dr. Emmerich finishes Skull Face off with another gunshot. His remains are cremated when the parasites within still exhibit life signs, ultimately ending him for good.

Skull Face is voiced by Takaya Hashi in Japanese and by James Horan in English.


Quiet (クワイエット, Kuwaietto) is a sniper who appears in Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain. She first appears in the prologue as part of a team attempting to kill Big Boss when he is discovered by Cipher, but suffers severe third-degree burns in the attempt and is only kept alive through parasite therapy that gives her the ability to photosynthesize light, breathe through her skin, cloak herself, and move with superhuman speed and strength. Later in the story, she is defeated by Venom Snake in open combat and brought back to Mother Base, where she eventually starts participating in missions with Snake. The relationship between the two develops from one of mild mistrust mixed with mutual respect to one that is not easily defined, but has moments of vulnerability, playful friendship, even romantic tension and, ultimately, sacrifice. She is infected with the English-language strain of vocal cord parasites as a means of assassinating Snake, demanding her silence as a means of preventing symptoms from showing. Although the Diamond Dogs are able to cure the infection, Quiet refuses the treatment owing to a latent desire for revenge. However, following the mutation of the parasite, she realizes that her silence alone is not enough to prevent symptoms from spreading, and she allows herself to be captured by Soviet forces in Afghanistan. Snake rescues her, but is bitten by a snake in the process. The two become lost in a sandstorm as Soviet forces hunt for them, prompting Quiet to speak English to direct a helicopter to their location, awakening the parasite. After leaving a goodbye message to Snake, she disappears in the Afghan desert to prevent the infection from spreading.[218] Dutch model Stefanie Joosten provides Quiet's likeness, motion capture and voice.[219]

Code Talker[edit]

Code Talker (コードトーカー, Kōdo Tōkā) is a Navajo biologist who specializes in parasite research. Born in 1880, he has survived for over a century due to his research, in which he identified and injected himself with the same species of parasite that gave The End his powers and longevity. Code Talker was ordered by Skull Face to duplicate the vocal cord parasite for use in his plan under the threat of the extermination of his people. He was later rescued by the Diamond Dogs and brought back to Mother Base to aid in finding a way to prevent or cure the parasite. Code Talker is voiced by Osamu Saka in Japanese and by Jay Tavare in English.


The Parasite Unit (パラサイトユニット, Parasaito Yunitto), also known as the Skulls (スカルズ, Sukaruzu), are an elite force of supersoldiers working for XOF. They move at extreme speeds and possess glowing turquoise-colored eyes thanks to a strain of Code Talker's parasites, granting them enhanced abilities at the cost of their cognitive functions; these abilities include optical camouflage, corrosive gas dispersal, shapeshifting, and rock-like metallic armor. They are encountered by Venom Snake repeatedly during The Phantom Pain, notably during the rescue of Kazuhira Miller and the extraction of Code Talker.


D.D., short for Diamond Dog, is a trained wolf who assists Diamond Dogs in The Phantom Pain. Venom Snake finds him in Afghanistan as an orphaned puppy and brings him back to Diamond Dogs, where Ocelot trains him to provide support on missions. As an adult, D.D. wears an eye patch similar to Snake's.

Groups and organizations[edit]

Outer Heaven[edit]

Outer Heaven (アウターヘブン, Autā Hebun) is the manifestation of Big Boss's ideology throughout the Metal Gear titles.

The original iteration is initially a fictional nation-state that serves as the original Metal Gear game's setting, located 200 kilometers north of the fictional region of Garzburg, South Africa. A legendary mercenary financed the nation's establishment to attract disillusioned soldiers, with a massive fortress as its centerpiece. Its potential threat to world affairs is boosted with the deployment of the TX-55 Metal Gear, a bipedal tank capable of launching a nuclear strike from anywhere on the planet. In the game, FOXHOUND commander Big Boss orders rookie agent Solid Snake to infiltrate the mercenary state and destroy Metal Gear. After Snake successfully defies expectations and destroys Metal Gear, the nation's apparent leader confronts Snake but is ultimately defeated, with Outer Heaven destroyed as well.[220]

The concept continued in Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake with the fortified nation Zanzibar Land (ザンジバルランド, Zanjibaru Rando) in Central Asia. Zanzibar Land declared themselves a nuclear power thanks to Metal Gear D provided by Big Boss, but his former subordinate infiltrates Zanzibar, and defeats both Metal Gear and Big Boss.

Subsequent concepts of the ideology continue in the first two Metal Gear Solid games, where Liquid Snake's FOXHOUND takes over Shadow Moses Island in Metal Gear Solid to threaten the world with Metal Gear REX, and Solidus Snake enacts a plan in Metal Gear Solid 2 to detonate an electromagnetic pulse in New York to destroy the Patriots' AI systems; both plans are foiled by Solid Snake and his allies.

Outer Heaven's origins are depicted in Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops as Naked Snake's response to Gene's "Army Heaven"; the former is given data, resources, and personnel after the latter's defeat.

A new iteration appears in Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots as Liquid Ocelot's mother company that runs five PMCs (Praying Mantis, Pieuvre Armement, Raven Sword, Werewolf and Otselotovaya Khvatka) thanks to a weak spot within the Patriots' AI network. After Old Snake and Otacon use the FOXALIVE virus to destroy the Patriots, Ocelot believes Big Boss's dream is finally achieved.


High-Tech Special Forces Unit FOXHOUND (ハイテク特殊部隊フォックスハウンド, Haiteku Tokushu Butai Fokkusuhaundo), alternatively spelled "FOX-HOUND" or "FOX HOUND", is a US Army elite special forces unit that has appeared in numerous forms throughout the Metal Gear series.[21] FOXHOUND was originally established in 1990 according to the Metal Gear 2 user's manual to cope with local revolutions, regional complications, and global terrorist activities; Metal Gear Solid 3 would later retcon the year FOXHOUND was established, stating in the ending timeline that FOXHOUND was established in 1971. This unit specializes in black ops, carrying out top-secret operations within "unauthorized" combat zones which are too politically sensitive to intervene in through conventional means. In the MSX2 versions of Metal Gear and Metal Gear 2, FOXHOUND members are often referred to as "FOX HOUNDERS", although this term fell into disuse in later versions.

In the original Metal Gear game, FOXHOUND has Big Boss as the team's commanding officer while Solid Snake and Gray Fox serve as field operatives. However, Big Boss betrays the unit in the end of the game. In Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake, Roy Campbell goes from the unit's executive officer to the new commanding officer, while drill instructor Master Miller and military strategist George Kasler form part of Solid Snake's support crew in the game.

The FOXHOUND unit turns rogue in Metal Gear Solid as the Sons of Big Boss (ビッグ・ボスの息子たち, Biggu Bosu no Musuko-tachi) under Liquid Snake's leadership (Revolver Ocelot, Psycho Mantis, Sniper Wolf, Vulcan Raven and Decoy Octopus), involved in a terrorist revolt on Shadow Moses Island in the hopes of threatening the rest of the world with Metal Gear REX as a second "Outer Heaven", but are defeated/killed by Solid Snake with help from Otacon, the Cyborg Ninja, and Meryl Silverburgh. The unit is subsequently disbanded; however, Raiden believes himself to be in the service of a new version in Metal Gear Solid 2 under the command of an AI fascimile of Campbell controlled by the Patriots, and Meryl Silverburgh wears FOXHOUND's shoulder sleeve insignia on her right side in Metal Gear Solid 4 as the leader of Rat Patrol Team One (ラットパトロールチームワン, Ratto Patorōru Chīmu Wan) (composed of Johnny, Ed and Akiba).

Outside the Metal Gear series, FOXHOUND is mentioned in Snatcher as a military unit that JUNKER Chief Benson Cunningham previously served, and in Policenauts as Meryl's former unit (the character being the basis for Meryl Silverburgh in Metal Gear Solid, with a paint tattoo of the team's original logo).

The Patriots[edit]

The Patriots (愛国者達, Aikokushatachi), also referred to as the La-li-lu-le-lo (らりるれろ, Rarirurero), are a secret cabal that controls the United States.[21] The group is initially believed to be led by an inner circle of 12 people known as the Wisemen's Committee (賢人会議, Kenjin Kaigi).

In Metal Gear Solid 2, the Patriots manipulate the story's events. During the Tanker incident, they begin a smear campaign against Solid Snake to frame his organization Philanthropy for an oil tanker's destruction in New York. During the Big Shell incident, Solidus Snake leads the Sons of Liberty (自由の息子達, Jiyū no Musuko-tachi) (Revolver Ocelot, Olga Gurlukovich and the Dead Cell members) to take over Arsenal Gear which houses the AI GW to censor the flow of digital information as a third "Outer Heaven" by using Metal Gear RAY on New York to trigger an electromagnetic pulse to permanently destroy the Patriots' AI systems; however, the Patriots manipulated agents to ensure their demise by Solid Snake and Raiden. Philanthropy later acquires a disk containing the identities of the Wisemen's Committee and learns that all 12 members have been dead for "about a hundred years".

Metal Gear Solid 4 revealed that the Patriots were created from Zero's paranoia in the form of four computer AIs: TJ, TR, AL and GW, controlled by a fifth proxy AI, JD. The AIs were originally created to carry out Zero's own will due to his increasing age and his skepticism that human subordinates would be able to do so. But over time, the system evolved from simply maintaining economic and political systems into creating an entirely new world order based on war economies, something not even Zero himself envisioned. Fortunately, the Patriots' network is shut down when Naomi Hunter's and Sunny's FOXALIVE computer worm uses GW as a conduit to access the others. The Patriots' demise is further ensured with Zero's death at Big Boss's hands.

The Patriots' AI in Metal Gear Solid 2 was voiced by Takeshi Aono and Kikuko Inoue in Japanese and by Paul Eiding and Lara Cody in English.


Philanthropy (フィランソロピー, Firansoropī) is a U.N.-recognized anti-Metal Gear non-governmental organization in Metal Gear Solid 2. Its primary members consist of Solid Snake, Hal Emmerich, and Mei Ling. A large amount of the startup funds for the organization were provided by Nastasha Romanenko. Being an NGO, while the U.N. recognizes its existence, it has no official government backing. As Philanthropy is a semi-clandestine organization, Otacon must sometimes obtain equipment and information through less-than-legal methods; Snake mentions that on more than one occasion, Otacon has hacked classified networks to 'appropriate' experimental technology. In addition, it was also involved in activities comparable to terrorism.[221]

The Philosophers[edit]

The Philosophers (賢者達, Kenjatachi) were an inner circle of 12 people (the aforementioned Wisemen's Committee), which was formed at the end of World War I when the leaders of the United States, China, and Bolshevik Russia entered a secret pact with a stated purpose of pooling money to rebuild countries affected by the war. The group's amassed amount totaled 100 billion dollars to fund war efforts and research; this sum became known as the "Philosopher's Legacy". After the original members' deaths during the 1930s, their followers began fighting amongst themselves to inherit the fund left by the original members. In Metal Gear Solid 3, Volgin uses the Philosopher's Legacy to create the fortress Groznyj Grad (グロズニュ・グラード, Gurozunyu Gurādo, Грозный Град) within the Soviet branch, with the Shagohod and The Boss as collateral. Naked Snake retrieves the Philosophers' Legacy after the defeats of Volgin and The Boss for the American branch; however, EVA manages to obtain the data for the Chinese branch. The game's ending timeline establishes that a reorganized American branch of the Philosophers (later retconned to Cipher) is formed after accumulating the missing fund; Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops changes this by showing Ocelot killing the DCI to end the Philosophers and obtains documents containing the Philosophers' identities and the location of the organization's funds.


The FOX unit (FOX部隊, Fokkusu Butai, which stands for "Force Operation X") is introduced in Metal Gear Solid 3 as Zero's special forces unit with Naked Snake as its first agent with Para-Medic and Sigint for additional support. The FOX unit turns renegade in Portable Ops under Gene's ultimate goal of Army's Heaven (アーミーズヘブン, Āmīzu Hebun) that would in fact victimize soldiers in pursuit of Gene's goals. In response, Naked Snake and Roy Campbell form their own team of specialists which goes on to become the FOXHOUND unit. Big Boss wears the FOX unit's shoulder sleeve insignia on the right side of his uniform in Peace Walker and Ground Zeroes.

A covert strike force called XOF is seen in Metal Gear Solid V under Skull Face's leadership. Originally a support network for FOX, XOF secretly continued as a black ops division of Cipher before having gone rogue, as shown when they remove any identifying markings from both personnel and equipment in Ground Zeroes. After carrying out a successful assault on MSF's Mother Base, XOF are eventually destroyed by the Diamond Dogs led by Venom Snake in The Phantom Pain.

FOX's insignia is a stylized yellow fox on a black background, while XOF's insignia is a black fox on a yellow background.


Militaires Sans Frontieres (国境なき軍隊, Kokkyō Naki Guntai, translated as "Soldiers Without Borders") is Naked Snake's mercenary group in Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker. Their name is a play on that of the real-world humanitarian-aid NGO Médecins Sans Frontières, dedicated to assisting countries ravaged by war and epidemics that are in need of doctors and medical experts. The HD Edition version of Peace Walker displays an announcement before the title screen, stating that the fictional mercenary group is not in any way linked to the real group. Despite this, the fictional group is never mentioned by name in Metal Gear Solid V and the unit's emblem was modified to omit its name.[222] MSF's logo is a skull stylized after Pangaea inside a yellow and black circle.

Per The Boss's will, Snake conceptualized MSF as capable of providing combat support to any individual or country, regardless of other factors. Kazuhira Miller helps develop MSF into a private military contractor offering a wide range of services on their Mother Base (マザーベース, Mazā Bēsu) in the Caribbean Sea, thanks to Vladimir Zadornov and Paz Ortega Andrade during Coldman's Peace Sentinel takeover within Costa Rica and later the MSF's own housing of Metal Gear ZEKE. Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes shows that the MSF unit is all but gone after the mysterious XOF organization attacks; many of the MSF personnel on assignment at the time of the attack return right away, are disheartened by Big Boss's apparent death, and later move on to work in other mercenary outfits. The group is renamed "Out Of Order" in the Japanese language novelizations of Peace Walker and The Phantom Pain authored by Hitori Nojima, and appears in the subtitles for the Japanese version of The Phantom Pain but is never spoken by the actual characters.[223]


Cipher (サイファー, Saifā) is an American covert intelligence agency that served as the Philosophers' reorganized American branch as well as the Patriots' precursor. The group is officially mentioned in Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker and referenced throughout most of Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes and Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain. The organization is initially formed by Zero alongside Big Boss to fulfill The Boss's ideal of a unified world. Cipher would eventually grow too corrupt to control everything, as seen with Sigint and Para-Medic. A fallout occurred where Big Boss and Zero interpreted The Boss's will differently, with Zero taking the concept to mean control of the entire world to ensure unification, whereas Big Boss believed that The Boss's will wanted a world where soldiers were not used as tools by the government, with Revolver Ocelot and EVA supporting him. Cipher has Pacifica Ocean oppose and frame MSF via Metal Gear ZEKE, and later eventually ends up disorganized by Skull Face's ambitions.

Diamond Dogs[edit]

The Diamond Dogs (ダイアモンド・ドッグズ, Daiamondo Dogguzu) are a splinter organization made from MSF's surviving remnants under Venom Snake's command in Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain.[224] Diamond Dogs is based out of a new Mother Base in the Seychelles (given out of gratitude for their assistance in fighting off a coup) with Kazuhira Miller and Revolver Ocelot both as second in command. The Diamond Dogs' logo consists of a profile shot of a Rhodesian Ridgeback dog overlaid upon a cut diamond, finished off with a yellow scroll featuring the words "Diamond Dogs."


The characters from the Metal Gear series have been well received by gamers, with Solid Snake and Raiden appearing in a Famitsu poll that listed the fifty best video game characters; while the former was at the top, the latter was 42nd.[225] Solid Snake has also appeared in multiple lists of best characters in gaming history,[226][227] while Raiden and Revolver Ocelot were found as characters who should have their own spin-off games.[228][229] While the variety of characters have been noted, publications often found some out of place as a result of their abilities and confusing changes occurring within them.[230][231] The characters have also been praised for their actions within fight scenes, resulting in appealing cutscenes.[231][232]

The bosses have been praised not only for the requirements for defeating them, but also for the importance they have within the story. Various video game publications have made feature articles regarding who is the best boss character within the series, but results have varied.[233][234] During 2004, The Boss was awarded "Best New Character" by GameSpot for her role in Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater.[235] In 2013, GamesRadar praised the character roles of Revolver Ocelot/Liquid Ocelot, Psycho Mantis, The Boss, and Steven Armstrong, placing them in their list of 100 best villains in video games.[236]


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  92. ^ Roy Campbell: Dr. Naomi Hunter. She is chief of FOXHOUND's medical staff and an expert in gene therapy. (Metal Gear Solid)
  93. ^ Naomi Hunter: Yes. Frank Jaeger, the man who you destroyed, was my brother and my only family. // Solid Snake: Gray Fox? (Metal Gear Solid)
  94. ^ Solid Snake: To kill me? Is that all you cared about? // Naomi Hunter: Yes. That's right. Two years. You were all I thought about for two long years... like some kind of twisted obsession... (Metal Gear Solid)
  95. ^ Solid Snake: Naomi, Liquid died from Fox Die too. What about me? When am I gonna go? // Naomi Hunter: That's up to you. // Solid Snake: What do you mean? // Naomi Hunter: Everybody dies when their time's up... // Solid Snake: Yeah, so when's mine up? // Naomi Hunter: It's up to you how you use the time left to you. Live, Snake. That's all I can say to you. (Metal Gear Solid)
  96. ^ Naomi Hunter was formally taken into custody after the incident's conclusion. Three weeks later, as she was undergoing debriefing in a certain facility, she escaped... I knew of only one person who could have breached the base's tight security and successfully led someone to freedom. (Metal Gear Solid 2)
  97. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Naomi: Vamp and I... We are the same. We're living corpses... Our bodies kept barely alive by nanomachines. / Snake: Then you... / Naomi: Cancer. I shouldn't even be alive right now. The nanomachines have kept it from progressing... But there's nothing more they can do. With the nanomachines gone... Time will unfreeze and begin to flow again.
  98. ^ KCEJ. Metal Gear Solid. Roy Campbell: This is Mei Ling. She was assigned to us as our visual and data processing specialist. She designed your codec, as well as your Soliton radar system. Contact her if you have any questions about either of them.
  99. ^ Metal Gear Solid: Integral – Perfect Guide. Archived from the original on August 24, 2007.
  100. ^ Konami Computer Entertainment Japan. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty (Playstation 2). Konami. Level/area: Tanker. Otacon: The private sector's not so bad, is it? Privacy guaranteed... / Solid Snake: I'm happy as long as no one gives me any more unwanted gifts. / Otacon: You mean that thing with Naomi? / Solid Snake: And I can't say I miss the chattering nanny. / Otacon: Mei Ling's not so bad. That reminds me, I have to get in touch with her again about that new Natik flashware. / Solid Snake: Diverting toys from the SSCEN (U.S. Army Soldier System Center) again? Give her a message from me: someone will find out sooner or later. She's better off assuming it's sooner and quit while she's safe. / Otacon: Too true. Okay, Snake, let's get to work.
  101. ^ a b c d "Official Metal Gear Solid 2 Secrets page".
  102. ^ a b "New Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots details". Weekly Famitsu (1017): 111. June 13, 2008.
  103. ^ Mei Ling: Ooh! How cuute! / Solid Snake: What? The yellow thing? / Mei Ling: That's Pikachu. It's a Pokémon. They're popular all over the world, you know. And it may look cute, but be careful. It can store large amounts of electricity in those adorable little cheeks. It'll try to pepper you with electric shocks.
  104. ^ Konami (1999). Metal Gear Solid: Integral (PlayStation) (in Japanese).
  105. ^ a b Hideo Kojima. "MGS2 translated original game plan" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on January 17, 2007. Retrieved November 28, 2006.
  106. ^ a b c d e f Yoon, Andrew (December 17, 2006). "Unlock all of MGS:PO's unique characters". Retrieved April 4, 2012.
  107. ^ a b Metal Gear Solid, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (1998).
    Jim Houseman: Donald... ...the DARPA Chief is already dead... // Solid Snake: So you didn't mean to kill the DARPA Chief after all? // Houseman: He was my friend.
  108. ^ Revolver Ocelot: Nobody knows who I really am. Yes, the DARPA chief knew my identity, but he's been disposed of. (Metal Gear Solid)
  109. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Sf The Patriots. Big Mama: Ocelot tortured the DARPA Chief, Donald Anderson – also known as Sigint – to death... And made it look like an accident. With Para-Medic and Sigint dead, Zero was the only one left.
  110. ^ Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty (script), Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2001).
    Ninja (Olga Gurlukovich): This security card will unlock all level 2 security doors, including the one into the core. // The Ninja’s voice changes to that of the DARPA chief in the previous title. // Ninja (Anderson): It’s called a PAN card. It works together with your body’s own electronic field.
  111. ^ "Board screwing up/MGS2: Lost in Translation Hyper Edition - :: Forums :: THE SNAKE SOUP". November 11, 2015. Archived from the original on February 9, 2016. Retrieved November 2, 2023.
  112. ^ a b Hideo Kojima (2002). Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty (PlayStation 2). New Zealand: Konami.
  113. ^ Campbell: Of course. A nuclear weapons specialist has already been assigned to us. // Solid Snake: We need backup from a specialist. I'm just an amateur when it comes to nuclear weapons. // Roy Campbell: I know. That's why I've requested the assistance of a military analyst named Nastasha Romanenko. She'll be providing you backup by Codec. (Metal Gear Solid)
  114. ^ a b Metal Gear Solid game manual. New Zealand: Konami. 1998. p. 42.
  115. ^ Jim Houseman: I see. Oh well that's okay... You two are an embarrassment from the 1970s. ...our country's dirty little secret. You can't be allowed to live. Well, the bombs will be dropping soon, and you two have a lot of catching up to do. Farewell. (Metal Gear Solid)
  116. ^ Hideo Kojima (2002). Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty (PlayStation 2). Konami.
  117. ^ a b Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Solidus Snake: The eighties... the civil war. You were one of the best among the child soldiers that fought in that conflict. When you were barely ten years old, you became the leader of the small boys unit. [...] I was your godfather, I named you.
  118. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Colonel: You have two missions objectives. One: infiltrate the offshore decontamination facility "Big Shell" and safeguard the President and other hostages. And two: disarm the terrorists by any means necessary.
  119. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Konami. Raiden: Snake, it's my turn to protect you.
  120. ^ Fletcher, JC (December 11, 2011). "Metal Gear Rising's story revised, now set post-MGS4". Joystiq. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
  121. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Rosemary: Jack, I'm a part of this mission. / Raiden: Colonel, what the hell is going on? / Colonel: Raiden, meet the mission analyst. She'll be overseeing the data saving and support.
  122. ^ a b c d Kojima Productions. The Document of Metal Gear Solid 2. Konami. Level/area: Making of Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty.
  123. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Rosemary: No, it's something else. That day at Federal Hall two years ago – it wasn't a coincidence. I was ordered to keep an eye on you... / Raiden: Keep an eye on me? / Rosemary: Yes – by the Patriots. / Raiden: You're a spy. [...] / Rosemary: Jack, I thought I was acting, because that was my job. But I did fall in love with you, that wasn't an act.
  124. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Raiden: Of course. This is where we first met... I remember now – Today is the day I met you. That's it. I think I found something to pass along to the future. He said all living things want their genes to live on. / Rosemary: Are you talking about the baby? / Raiden: Yeah. But genes aren't the only thing you pass on. There are too many things that aren't written into our DNA. It's up to us to teach that to our children.
  125. ^ "Metal Gear Solid 4 – Hideo Kojima Interview" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on June 4, 2008. 『2』で登場したローズも、今は戦闘ストレス小隊の心理カウンセラーをやっているという設定です。
  126. ^ PlatinumGames. Metal Gear Rising: Revengence. Konami. Boris (via codec): And your wife and son? What of them? / Raiden: They're in New Zealand. Safe. Rose would understand why I have to do this.
  127. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Solid Snake: Daughter of Colonel Sergei Gurlukovich, ex-GRU and former Spetsnaz commander... She's the leader of Colonel Gurlukovich's private army that's been wandering around the Big Shell. Those men were gathered by Colonel Gurlukovich. Following her father's death, she inherited his command and now exercises full control.
  128. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Olga: I was sent to provide you support. / Raiden: Support? Who sent you? The Colonel? / Olga: No... the Patriots. [...]My child is... being held hostage by the Patriots.
  129. ^ a b c d "Yoji Shinkawa Interview: Segment 3". Konami. Retrieved March 21, 2011.
  130. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Olga: Your nanomachines – they're transmitting your vital signs to the Patriots. If you die, my child dies. Do you understand? / Raiden: The child... / Solidus Snake: I see – so that's why you sold your troops out to me. So many dead, and they all died trusting you! Weren't they your comrades? / Olga: No, not just comrades! Family! I know I'm going to hell. But at least my child!!
  131. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. President Johnson: My predecessor... George Sears. That was the name the public came to know him by. But I knew him by his codename, "Solidus Snake." He was the third Snake, preceded by Solid and Liquid... a survivor of the Les Enfants Terrible project. Neither Solid nor Liquid, he was a well-balanced masterpiece that the Patriots saw fit to entrust with the Presidency.
  132. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Colonel: The terrorists call themselves "Sons of Liberty." / Raiden: Sons of Liberty? / Colonel: The name of their leader is Solid Snake.
  133. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Raiden: So your the boss around here? / Solidus Snake: No, not just around here. I'm the boss to surpass Big Boss himself. Solid Snake. / Solid Snake: No! That is not Solid Snake! Solidus Snake: What a pleasant surprise – brother.
  134. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Solidus Snake: All I want is to be remembered. By other people, by history. The Patriots are trying to protect their power, their own interests, by controlling the digital flow of information. I want my memory, my existence to remain. Unlike an intron of history, I will be remembered as an exon. That will be my legacy, my mark on history. But the Patriots would deny us even that, I will triumph over the Patriots, and liberate us all. And we will become the "Sons of Liberty"!
  135. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Solidus Snake: I have other reasons for wanting you dead. The clues to the Patriots inside GW have been erased, but are other traces.
  136. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Big Boss: That body Liquid burned on the Volta... Wasn't mine. That was the body... Of a clone. Solidus. He was a perfect clone. Zero, and the proxy AIs that came after him, were convinced that Solidus was me.
  137. ^ "The Top 7... Evil clones". GamesRadar. January 9, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  138. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Solid Snake: You mean Fortune? She's the Dead Cell leader. Her real name is Helena Dolph Jackson... known to her friends as Lady Luck. / Raiden: Lady Luck? / Solid Snake: Yeah. She got the name because bullets seem to veer away from her in battle. People have heard her say that her fortune in battle was payback for the lousy luck she's had in life...
  139. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Fortune: Vamp. Are you gone? No. No that bullet was meant for me... Why am I the only one that can't die? Alone again... Cheated out of death again... How long will you force me to live? How much longer dad?
  140. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Fortune: It's been a long wait, Solid Snake – the root of all my sorrows. / Solid Snake: What? / Fortune: Two years ago, you killed my father. That was the beginning of hell for us.
  141. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Revolver Ocelot: You were being shielded by the electromagnetic weapons technology that the Patriots developed. Your Dead Cell comrades loved your father and husband – we needed a pathetic wretch like you to keep them focused.
  142. ^ Konami Computer Entertainment Japan. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons Liberty. Solid Snake: During those two days, he survived by feeding on the blood of his family to quench his thirst. That's how he acquired a taste for blood. / Raiden: So that's why they call him Vamp... / Solid Snake: No, Vamp isn't for "vampire". It's because he's bisexual.
  143. ^ Fun TV (2001). Making of The Hollywood Game (DVD). Europe: Konami.
  144. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Naomi Hunter: The nanomachines in his body cause his wounds to close and heal at an accelerated rate. Someone took the basic nanomachine technology I once researched and perfected it. In a sense, I'm responsible for Vamp.
  145. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Naomi: Now you can return to your true self. You can be at peace. / Vamp: I can... Die? / Naomi: Yes.
  146. ^ Gifford, Kevin (February 18, 2009). "Metal Gear Online adds Raiden, Vamp". Archived from the original on October 19, 2012. Retrieved April 4, 2012.
  147. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Fatman: Oh, you'll know soon enough. And I could care less of what they planned. My ambitions are much more simple. To be the most famous bomber of them all. / Raiden: Your nuts, nobody is gonna give a damn about you. / Fatman: Oh yes they will. I'll go down in history – as the man who beat Peter Stillman. That's the only reason I existed.
  148. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Otacon: Sergei Gurlukovich. / Solid Snake: Gurlukovich! One of Ocelot's allies? / Otacon: Yeah...the GRU colonel. He's the one Ocelot was supposed to meet up with, after Shadow Moses... / Solid Snake: They're after Metal Gear...
  149. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Revolver Ocelot: Sergei! Looks like you were long overdue for retirement. / Sergei Gurlukovich: Traitorous dog...
  150. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Emma: No! He left me... my mother – when we needed him the most! When my father died, all he could think about was himself! / Raiden: Emma, we can go over all that later. But first, we have to get out of here! / Emma: No! I hate water! It's hopeless! I can't swim!
  151. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Solid Snake: Raiden! Emma's been stabbed! [...] Raiden! Get that disc over here as soon as possible. I'm afraid her time's running out...
  152. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Konami. Otacon: You don't hate me? / Emma Emmerich: Never... I never wanted to get in your way... I never wanted to hurt you... I thought with Arsenal... If I follow in your footsteps... I could be closer... I just wanted you to look at me... look at me... as a woman...
  153. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Subsistence, Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake. Konami. Big Boss: Even I make mistakes from time to time. Snake! This will be our final battle... Let's end this once and for all!
  154. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Zero: Do you copy? You're already in enemy territory, and somebody might be listening in. From here on out, we'll be using codenames to refer to each other. Your codename for this mission will be Naked Snake. I'll be referring to you as Snake from now on. You are not to mention your real name.
  155. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker. Konami. Naked Snake: I won't make the same choice as her. My future's going to be different. / Miller: Then... / Naked Snake: Yeah, that's right. From now on, call me Big Boss.
  156. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Naked Snake: What about you, Major? What should I call you? / Zero: Hmm, let's see... I'll be... I'll be Tom. Call me Major Tom.
  157. ^ a b Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Konami. Big Mama: Zero created the Patriots to manage and control the American state. That control endured long after the Cold War ended. The organization became an empty shell, continuing to function through AIs.
  158. ^ a b Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Konami. Big Mama: "Give birth to Big Boss." To realize this, I asked to serve as the surrogate mother... And was more than happy to carry you in my womb. I loved him. Nine months later, I gave birth to two Big Bosses... You, and Liquid. [...] Determined to oppose Zero and his plans, Big Boss broke away from the Patriots.
  159. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Konami. Big Boss: I'm taking it upon myself to send Zero... Back to nothing.
  160. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Naked Snake: That's what they were making you build?/ Sokolov: Yes. The Shagohod – "The Treading Behemoth" – a tank capable of launching nuclear IRBMs.
  161. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops. Konami. Naked Snake: Sokolov! You're alive! Of course! So you're the Ghost. You designed the Shagohod, so naturally you'd know about Granin's Metal Gear too... That's why! / Gene: Ah! So it was you who was feeding Snake information, Sokolov. Of all people, I never thought you would betray me. / Sokolov: ...Yes, you did rescue me from that prison camp in Russia. Thanks for you, I was reunited with my family... for a little while, at least. I will always be grateful to you for that... But launching Metal Gear into Russia – that I cannot condone. I simply could not bear to see my own creation turned against the Motherland.
  162. ^ a b Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. The Boss: I was pregnant at the time. The Sorrow was the father. I gave birth on the field of battle.
  163. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Volgin: My body carries an electric charge of ten million volts. Let's see how you like this! Now, answer me!
  164. ^ Jeremy Parish, "Col. Yevgeny Volgin," Electronic Gaming Monthly 225 (January 2008): 92.
  165. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Volgin: Who's afraid of a little thunder? / Naked Snake: Fried by a bolt of lightning... a fitting end.
  166. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Naked Snake: What happened to ADAM? / Eva: Colonel Volgin is a very suspicious man. He decided ADAM wasn't the right person for this mission. / Naked Snake: And you were? / Eva: Yes. / Naked Snake: Why? / Eva: Because I can do things he can't.
  167. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Sokolov: There was some in the armory here but now it's gone. It was stolen by a female spy who was here a minute ago. / Naked Snake: Eva? / Sokolov: No, that's not her name. Her name is Tatyana. She made her way in here by becoming Volgin's lover.
  168. ^ EVA: (...) I'm not a KGB spy and I never worked for the NSA. I am an agent of the People's Republic of China...for the General HQ Second Department of the People's Liberation Army. It was all a lie. I tricked you...and I'm sorry. The Philosophers still exist in China, too. You see, my mission was to find out where Volgin was hiding the Philosopher's Legacy and steal it. (Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater) Konami Computer Entertainment Japan, 2005.
  169. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Konami. Big Mama: After years on the run I ended up in Hanoi - that's where I met him again. It was around then that Zero used the massive funds contained in the Philosophers' Legacy... To start a new organization - the Patriots...
  170. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Big Boss: The truth is that the FOXDIE in you is what killed EVA and Ocelot...
  171. ^ METAL GEAR SOLID 3 SUBSISTENCE (in Japanese)
  172. ^ a b "MGS3 Cinema Kojima Commentary: Snake Eater Operation The End Battle ~ The Fury Battle". Archived from the original on June 18, 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  173. ^ "MGS3 Cinema Kojima Commentary: Snake Eater Operation Arctic Air Space ~ Bolshaya Past Base". Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  174. ^ Rob Wright (February 20, 2007). "The 50 Greatest Female Characters in Video Game History | Tom's Games". Archived from the original on January 20, 2008. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  175. ^ "Dream Casting: Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater from". Archived from the original on March 18, 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  176. ^ "10 Incredible Metal Gear Solid Cutscenes - Joystick Division - Videogame news, features and reviews". Joystick Division. July 26, 2010. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  177. ^ Chris Reiter, PlayStation 2: Heroes, Villains, Babes, and Bad Boys - Part 2, Gaming Target, October 28, 2005.
  178. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Zero: The first member of the support team will be in charge of monitoring your physical condition – acting a medic, so to speak – as well as recording your mission data. She's a member of FOX as well and she's here on the gunship with me.
  179. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Para-Medic: Hello, Snake. I'm Para-Medic. Nice to meet you. / Naked Snake: Para...Medic? / Para-Medic: As in a medic who comes in by parachute.
  180. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Konami. Big Mama: And so, Zero secretly embarked on a new project: Les Enfants Terribles. Its goal was to create a clone of Big Boss, the ultimate soldier. The project was led by Dr. Clark, known at the time as Para-Medic.
  181. ^ KCEJ. Metal Gear Solid. Konami. Naomi: It happened before I joined FOX-HOUND's medical staff. They were using a soldier for their gene therapy experiments. [...] It happened right after you retired. My predecessor, Dr. Clark, was in charge. [...] / Solid Snake: And where is he now? / Naomi: He was killed in an explosion in his lab two years ago. / Naomi: Apparently for their test subject, they decided to use the body of a soldier who was recovered after the fall of Zanzibar... / Solid Snake: And that was Gray Fox...
  182. ^ "Metal Gear Solid 4 Afterthoughts with Ryan Payton". November 9, 2008. Archived from the original on July 24, 2012. Retrieved August 23, 2011.
  183. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Signit: The Pain is said to possess the power to control his hornets at will. Watch out for insect-based attack, especially his so-called bullet bees.
  184. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. The Fear: That bolt is coated with the venom of the Brazilian Wandering Spider.
  185. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Zero: The Fear is using something called stealth camouflage to conceal himself.
  186. ^ Sigint: Sounds like the Cobra Unit's members' names came from the specific emotions they each carry into battle. // Naked Snake: Emotions? // Sigint: Yeah. For unbearable torment, The Pain. For true oblivion, The End. For infinite rage, The Fury. For absolute terror, The Fear. And for unsurpassed bliss, The Joy. (Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, Konami, 2004)
  187. ^ EVA: I heard that one of the Cobras is waiting for you in the jungle at the foot of the mountains. He's a legendary sniper called The End. // Naked Snake: Yeah, I've seen him before. That ridiculously old guy, right? // EVA: Don't underestimate him. He's known as the father of modern sniping. (Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater) Konami Computer Entertainment Japan, 2005
  188. ^ Lewis, Ed (December 2004). "The Snake Eater Interview". IGN. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
  189. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. The Fury: I am The Fury! The flames of my rage will incinerate you! I came back from space. As I returned, I had one vision: the world set ablaze. And do you know what I saw there? Fury! A great and terrible fury at being alive. Now – you're going to feel the scorching of that terrible blackness!
  190. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Zero: The Sorrow was a man with, well... special powers. He had ESP, which was the subject of extensive research in the Soviet Union at the time. He was especially gifted as a medium.
  191. ^ EVA: The Boss once again made her way into the Soviet Union. There, she found herself face to face with the Soviets' own agent... And who would she find awaiting her return to Russia? The one who'd turned her sleeper against her, who'd fed them lies all this time? It was her former comrade-in-arms, the father of her child. The man known as The Sorrow... Former lovers, forced to fight to the death. "One would live, and one would die," she told me. (Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker)
  192. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Naked Snake: Snake: So he was never there in the first place... he just couldn't let go of The Boss...
  193. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. Konami. Naked Snake: Are you one of the Cobras? / The Sorrow: Sad... so sad... a host of sorrows. And you are one of them. I am The Sorrow.
  194. ^ "Saving Private Raiden". Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
  195. ^ Part 5 of the Director's Commentary for Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater Archived September 25, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  196. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Hal Emmerich: Sunny was taken by the Patriots right after she was born. She never even met her parents. She spent her entire childhood inside the net.
  197. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. Konami. Solid Snake: Jack's gone? I used to work with the guy. He saved Sunny from the Patriots.
  198. ^ Kojima Productions, Platinum Games. Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance. Konami. Raiden: After the dust settled, Dr. Emmerich adopted her, officially becoming her legal guardian. / Courtney: But how did she end up in Solis? What about school? […]So now she's designing launch vehicles and stuff, eh?
  199. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of The Patriots. Drebin: You've never heard of 'em? They're Beauty and the Beast. Together they're called the B&B Corps. They're a squad of enhanced female soldiers – belong to the PMCs. Any time there's a mess that needs cleaning up, they're on the scene leading the elites.
  200. ^ Kojima Productions. Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of The Patriots. Drebin: The Patriots raised me to be a gun launderer. / Otacon: The Patriots? / Drebin: They kidnapped me... Forced me to fight. Yup. [...] In fact... I was under strict orders to back you guys from the start.
  201. ^ 小島秀夫 [@Kojima_Hideo] (January 15, 2014). "もう凄い綺麗!" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  202. ^ The Art of Metal Gear Solid V. Dark Horse Books. November 15, 2016. ISBN 978-1506701103.
  203. ^ Hal Emmerich: The truth grandfather was a part of the Manhattan Project. He suffered with the guilt for the rest of his life. And my father...he was born on August 6, 1945.
    Solid Snake: The day of the Hiroshima bomb... God's got a sense of humor, all right. (Metal Gear Solid)
  204. ^ Huey's Letter to Strangelove. Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker. Konami, 2010.
  205. ^ Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, Kojima Productions (2010).
    Hot Coldman: I know all about you. Tselinoyarsk? Ten years ago? / Big Boss: You were involved...? / Hot Coldman: The operation to eliminate the traitor? I planned the whole thing. / Big Boss: Shouldn't a suit like you be back at Langley? What the hell are you doing here? / Hot Coldman: ...It's what the CIA does best. Ensure people in the know keep their mouths shut, or else pack them off someplace where there's no one to listen.
  206. ^ Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, Kojima Productions (2010)
    Big Boss: You seem like a very... how do I put this... uninhibited woman. / Cécile Cosima Caminades: You think so? I am no different from other Parisian women. Not since May 1968.
  207. ^ "Kojima Production Special Report 000" (in Japanese). Archived from the original (MP3) on December 28, 2009. Retrieved July 7, 2010.
  208. ^ "待たせたな! ヨドバシカメラ横浜にあのスネーク潜入 – ITmedia Gamez" (in Japanese).
  209. ^ Briefing Tapes: Chico: Love: The Mystery of Paz's actions
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